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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(6), 2427-2440; doi:10.3390/ijerph10062427
Article

Influence of Rural Non-Smoking Adolescents’ Sense of Coherence and Exposure to Household Smoking on Their Commitment to a Smoke-Free Lifestyle

*  and
Department of Community Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Oral & Dental Hospital, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 April 2013 / Revised: 29 May 2013 / Accepted: 3 June 2013 / Published: 13 June 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tobacco Control in Vulnerable Population Groups)
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Abstract

This 18-month longitudinal study examined the influence of adolescents’ sense of coherence (SOC) and exposure to household smoking on their commitment to a smoke-free lifestyle. This study investigated a representative sample of 8th graders from 21 randomly selected high schools in the rural Limpopo Province of South Africa (n = 2,119). Of the total sample of 2,119 participants, 294 (14%) reported smoking at baseline and were therefore excluded from further analysis. Of those who did not smoke at baseline, 98.1% (n = 1,767) reported no intention of smoking in the upcoming 12 months. Of those who completed follow-up and had no intention of smoking at baseline (n = 1,316), 89.1% still did not smoke and remained committed to being smoke-free. Having a lower SOC, reporting alcohol binge-drinking at baseline, and having a household member who regularly smokes indoors (OR = 0.46: 0.26–0.82), as compared to not having any smoker in the household, were associated with lower odds of honoring a commitment to a smoke-free lifestyle. Furthermore, those who identified themselves as black Africans, as opposed to belonging to other race groups, were more likely to maintain a smoke-free lifestyle. Our findings suggest that interventions to prevent adolescent smoking should prioritize stress-coping skills and promote smoke-free homes.
Keywords: smoke-free households; adolescents; sense of coherence; South Africa smoke-free households; adolescents; sense of coherence; South Africa
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Ayo-Yusuf, O.A.; Rantao, M.M. Influence of Rural Non-Smoking Adolescents’ Sense of Coherence and Exposure to Household Smoking on Their Commitment to a Smoke-Free Lifestyle. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 2427-2440.

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