Next Article in Journal
Influence of Rural Non-Smoking Adolescents’ Sense of Coherence and Exposure to Household Smoking on Their Commitment to a Smoke-Free Lifestyle
Previous Article in Journal
High Dental Caries among Adults Aged 35 to 44 Years: Case-Control Study of Distal and Proximal Factors
A correction was published on 30 September 2013, see Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(10), 4667-4668.

Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(6), 2412-2426; doi:10.3390/ijerph10062412
Article

Characteristics of Antibiotic Resistance of Airborne Staphylococcus Isolated from Metro Stations

1
 and 2,*
1 Department of Clinical Medicine, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China 2 Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 March 2013 / Revised: 31 May 2013 / Accepted: 1 June 2013 / Published: 13 June 2013
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [726 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]   |   Browse Figures

Abstract

This study focused on the presence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in a metro system as an example of a public transportation system. The molecular characteristics of Staphylococcus were investigated to discern which strains were isolated from metro stations in Shanghai. These were compared with strains isolated from hospital treatment rooms and parks. Airborne Staphylococcus samples in the metro were resistant to an average of 2.64 antibiotic types, and 58.0% of the strain samples were resistant to at least three antibiotics; this was a significantly higher rate than strains from the park, but was lower than those from hospitals. The presence of two antibiotic resistance genes of Staphylococcus strains, mecA (28.0%) and qac (40.0%), were also found at significantly higher levels in metro samples than park samples, but did not differ significantly from hospital samples. Furthermore, 22.0% of the metro Staphylococcus samples were found to be biofilm-positive. The high rate of antibiotic resistance found in Staphylococcus samples collected from metro stations, and the discovery of antibiotic-resistant genes, indicate that the closed indoor environment and crowded passengers may accelerate the spread of antibiotic resistant strains. More attention should be paid to the inspection and control of antibiotic resistant strains in public transportation systems.
Keywords: Staphylococci; antibiotic susceptibility; mecA; qac; biofilm; metro stations Staphylococci; antibiotic susceptibility; mecA; qac; biofilm; metro stations
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Zhou, F.; Wang, Y. Characteristics of Antibiotic Resistance of Airborne Staphylococcus Isolated from Metro Stations. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 2412-2426.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Comments

Citing Articles

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert