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Mar. Drugs 2011, 9(4), 645-665; doi:10.3390/md9040645
Review

Carbohydrase Systems of Saccharophagus degradans Degrading Marine Complex Polysaccharides

1,* , 1,2
 and 2
1 Department of Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA 2 Zymetis, Inc., 387 Technology Drive, College Park, MD 20742, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 March 2011 / Revised: 1 April 2011 / Accepted: 13 April 2011 / Published: 21 April 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Enzymes from the Sea: Sources, Molecular Biology and Bioprocesses)
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Abstract

Saccharophagus degradans 2-40 is a γ-subgroup proteobacterium capable of using many of the complex polysaccharides found in the marine environment for growth. To utilize these complex polysaccharides, this bacterium produces a plethora of carbohydrases dedicated to the processing of a carbohydrate class. Aiding in the identification of the contributing genes and enzymes is the known genome sequence for this bacterium. This review catalogs the genes and enzymes of the S. degradans genome that are likely to function in the systems for the utilization of agar, alginate, α- and β-glucans, chitin, mannans, pectins, and xylans and discusses the cell biology and genetics of each system as it functions to transfer carbon back to the bacterium.
Keywords: agarase; alginase; amylase; chitinase; glucanase; mannanase; pectinase; xylanase agarase; alginase; amylase; chitinase; glucanase; mannanase; pectinase; xylanase
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hutcheson, S.W.; Zhang, H.; Suvorov, M. Carbohydrase Systems of Saccharophagus degradans Degrading Marine Complex Polysaccharides. Mar. Drugs 2011, 9, 645-665.

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