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Mar. Drugs 2011, 9(5), 719-738; doi:10.3390/md9050719
Review

The Biological Deep Sea Hydrothermal Vent as a Model to Study Carbon Dioxide Capturing Enzymes

1,*  and 2
Received: 20 March 2011; in revised form: 14 April 2011 / Accepted: 20 April 2011 / Published: 28 April 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Enzymes from the Sea: Sources, Molecular Biology and Bioprocesses)
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Abstract: Deep sea hydrothermal vents are located along the mid-ocean ridge system, near volcanically active areas, where tectonic plates are moving away from each other. Sea water penetrates the fissures of the volcanic bed and is heated by magma. This heated sea water rises to the surface dissolving large amounts of minerals which provide a source of energy and nutrients to chemoautotrophic organisms. Although this environment is characterized by extreme conditions (high temperature, high pressure, chemical toxicity, acidic pH and absence of photosynthesis) a diversity of microorganisms and many animal species are specially adapted to this hostile environment. These organisms have developed a very efficient metabolism for the assimilation of inorganic CO2 from the external environment. In order to develop technology for the capture of carbon dioxide to reduce greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, enzymes involved in CO2 fixation and assimilation might be very useful. This review describes some current research concerning CO2 fixation and assimilation in the deep sea environment and possible biotechnological application of enzymes for carbon dioxide capture.
Keywords: deep sea hydrothermal vents; carbon dioxide; fixation; assimilation; capturing enzyme deep sea hydrothermal vents; carbon dioxide; fixation; assimilation; capturing enzyme
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Minic, Z.; Thongbam, P.D. The Biological Deep Sea Hydrothermal Vent as a Model to Study Carbon Dioxide Capturing Enzymes. Mar. Drugs 2011, 9, 719-738.

AMA Style

Minic Z, Thongbam PD. The Biological Deep Sea Hydrothermal Vent as a Model to Study Carbon Dioxide Capturing Enzymes. Marine Drugs. 2011; 9(5):719-738.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Minic, Zoran; Thongbam, Premila D. 2011. "The Biological Deep Sea Hydrothermal Vent as a Model to Study Carbon Dioxide Capturing Enzymes." Mar. Drugs 9, no. 5: 719-738.


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