Mar. Drugs 2011, 9(4), 586-602; doi:10.3390/md9040586
Article

Coccolithophores: Functional Biodiversity, Enzymes and Bioprospecting

1 Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Prospect Place, The Hoe, Plymouth, PL1 3DH, UK 2 College of Life and Environmental Science, Biosciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, EX4 4QD, UK 3 Department of Biological Chemistry, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Herts AL5 2JQ, UK 4 CNRS-UPMC Station Biologique de Roscoff, Place Georges Teissier, 29682 Roscoff Cedex, France
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 March 2011; in revised form: 1 April 2011 / Accepted: 7 April 2011 / Published: 11 April 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Enzymes from the Sea: Sources, Molecular Biology and Bioprocesses)
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [486 KB, Updated Version, uploaded 12 April 2011 08:41 CEST]
The original version is still available [486 KB, uploaded 11 April 2011 09:14 CEST]
Abstract: Emiliania huxleyi is a single celled, marine phytoplankton with global distribution. As a key species for global biogeochemical cycling, a variety of strains have been amassed in various culture collections. Using a library consisting of 52 strains of E. huxleyi and an ‘in house‘ enzyme screening program, we have assessed the functional biodiversity within this species of fundamental importance to global biogeochemical cycling, whilst at the same time determining their potential for exploitation in biocatalytic applications. Here, we describe the screening of E. huxleyi strains, as well as a coccolithovirus infected strain, for commercially relevant biocatalytic enzymes such as acid/alkali phosphodiesterase, acid/alkali phosphomonoesterase, EC1.1.1-type dehydrogenase, EC1.3.1-type dehydrogenase and carboxylesterase.
Keywords: functional biodiversity; bioprospecting; biocatalysis; coccolithophore

Article Statistics

Load and display the download statistics.

Citations to this Article

Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Reid, E.L.; Worthy, C.A.; Probert, I.; Ali, S.T.; Love, J.; Napier, J.; Littlechild, J.A.; Somerfield, P.J.; Allen, M.J. Coccolithophores: Functional Biodiversity, Enzymes and Bioprospecting. Mar. Drugs 2011, 9, 586-602.

AMA Style

Reid EL, Worthy CA, Probert I, Ali ST, Love J, Napier J, Littlechild JA, Somerfield PJ, Allen MJ. Coccolithophores: Functional Biodiversity, Enzymes and Bioprospecting. Marine Drugs. 2011; 9(4):586-602.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Reid, Emma L.; Worthy, Charlotte A.; Probert, Ian; Ali, Sohail T.; Love, John; Napier, Johnathan; Littlechild, Jenny A.; Somerfield, Paul J.; Allen, Michael J. 2011. "Coccolithophores: Functional Biodiversity, Enzymes and Bioprospecting." Mar. Drugs 9, no. 4: 586-602.

Mar. Drugs EISSN 1660-3397 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert