Sensors 2014, 14(9), 15900-15913; doi:10.3390/s140915900
Article

Mapping Asbestos-Cement Roofing with Hyperspectral Remote Sensing over a Large Mountain Region of the Italian Western Alps

1email, 2email, 3email, 1email, 1email, 1email, 1email, 4email and 1,* email
Received: 25 June 2014; in revised form: 31 July 2014 / Accepted: 14 August 2014 / Published: 27 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Sensors Technology in Italy 2014)
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Abstract: The World Health Organization estimates that 100 thousand people in the world die every year from asbestos-related cancers and more than 300 thousand European citizens are expected to die from asbestos-related mesothelioma by 2030. Both the European and the Italian legislations have banned the manufacture, importation, processing and distribution in commerce of asbestos-containing products and have recommended action plans for the safe removal of asbestos from public and private buildings. This paper describes the quantitative mapping of asbestos-cement covers over a large mountainous region of Italian Western Alps using the Multispectral Infrared and Visible Imaging Spectrometer sensor. A very large data set made up of 61 airborne transect strips covering 3263 km2 were processed to support the identification of buildings with asbestos-cement roofing, promoted by the Valle d’Aosta Autonomous Region with the support of the Regional Environmental Protection Agency. Results showed an overall mapping accuracy of 80%, in terms of asbestos-cement surface detected. The influence of topography on the classification’s accuracy suggested that even in high relief landscapes, the spatial resolution of data is the major source of errors and the smaller asbestos-cement covers were not detected or misclassified.
Keywords: asbestos-cement; hyperspectral; remote sensing; mapping
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Frassy, F.; Candiani, G.; Rusmini, M.; Maianti, P.; Marchesi, A.; Nodari, F.R.; Via, G.D.; Albonico, C.; Gianinetto, M. Mapping Asbestos-Cement Roofing with Hyperspectral Remote Sensing over a Large Mountain Region of the Italian Western Alps. Sensors 2014, 14, 15900-15913.

AMA Style

Frassy F, Candiani G, Rusmini M, Maianti P, Marchesi A, Nodari FR, Via GD, Albonico C, Gianinetto M. Mapping Asbestos-Cement Roofing with Hyperspectral Remote Sensing over a Large Mountain Region of the Italian Western Alps. Sensors. 2014; 14(9):15900-15913.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Frassy, Federico; Candiani, Gabriele; Rusmini, Marco; Maianti, Pieralberto; Marchesi, Andrea; Nodari, Francesco R.; Via, Giorgio D.; Albonico, Carlo; Gianinetto, Marco. 2014. "Mapping Asbestos-Cement Roofing with Hyperspectral Remote Sensing over a Large Mountain Region of the Italian Western Alps." Sensors 14, no. 9: 15900-15913.


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