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An Intrinsic Fiber-Optic Single Loop Micro-Displacement Sensor
Centro de Investigaciones en Optica, Loma del Bosque 115, Col. Lomas del Campestre, Leon, Guanajuato, 37150, Mexico
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 December 2011; in revised form: 26 December 2011 / Accepted: 28 December 2011 / Published: 4 January 2012
Abstract: A micro-displacement sensor consisting of a fiber-loop made with a tapered fiber is reported. The sensor operation is based on the interaction between the fundamental cladding mode propagating through the taper waist and higher order cladding modes excited when the taper is deformed to form a loop. As a result, a transmission spectrum with several notches is observed, where the notch wavelength resonances shift as a function of the loop diameter. The loop diameter is varied by the spatial displacement of one end of the fiber-loop attached to a linear translation stage. In a displacement range of 3.125 mm the maximum wavelength shift is 360.93 nm, with 0.116 nm/μm sensitivity. By using a 1,280 nm broadband low-power LED source and a single Ge-photodetector in a power transmission sensor setup, a sensitivity in the order of 2.7 nW/μm is obtained in ~1 mm range. The proposed sensor is easy to implement and has a plenty of room to improve its performance.
Keywords: fiber sensors; displacement sensor; tapered fiber; fiber loop
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Martinez-Rios, A.; Monzon-Hernandez, D.; Torres-Gomez, I.; Salceda-Delgado, G. An Intrinsic Fiber-Optic Single Loop Micro-Displacement Sensor. Sensors 2012, 12, 415-428.
Martinez-Rios A, Monzon-Hernandez D, Torres-Gomez I, Salceda-Delgado G. An Intrinsic Fiber-Optic Single Loop Micro-Displacement Sensor. Sensors. 2012; 12(1):415-428.
Martinez-Rios, Alejandro; Monzon-Hernandez, David; Torres-Gomez, Ismael; Salceda-Delgado, Guillermo. 2012. "An Intrinsic Fiber-Optic Single Loop Micro-Displacement Sensor." Sensors 12, no. 1: 415-428.