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Sensors 2012, 12(1), 429-452; doi:10.3390/s120100429
Article

Sensor Fusion of Monocular Cameras and Laser Rangefinders for Line-Based Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) Tasks in Autonomous Mobile Robots

1
, 2,*  and 3
Received: 16 November 2011; in revised form: 24 December 2011 / Accepted: 29 December 2011 / Published: 4 January 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract: This paper presents a sensor fusion strategy applied for Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) in dynamic environments. The designed approach consists of two features: (i) the first one is a fusion module which synthesizes line segments obtained from laser rangefinder and line features extracted from monocular camera. This policy eliminates any pseudo segments that appear from any momentary pause of dynamic objects in laser data. (ii) The second characteristic is a modified multi-sensor point estimation fusion SLAM (MPEF-SLAM) that incorporates two individual Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) based SLAM algorithms: monocular and laser SLAM. The error of the localization in fused SLAM is reduced compared with those of individual SLAM. Additionally, a new data association technique based on the homography transformation matrix is developed for monocular SLAM. This data association method relaxes the pleonastic computation. The experimental results validate the performance of the proposed sensor fusion and data association method.
Keywords: feature fusion; multi-sensor point estimation fusion (MPEF); homography transform matrix; SLAM feature fusion; multi-sensor point estimation fusion (MPEF); homography transform matrix; SLAM
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, X.; Rad, A.B.; Wong, Y.-K. Sensor Fusion of Monocular Cameras and Laser Rangefinders for Line-Based Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) Tasks in Autonomous Mobile Robots. Sensors 2012, 12, 429-452.

AMA Style

Zhang X, Rad AB, Wong Y-K. Sensor Fusion of Monocular Cameras and Laser Rangefinders for Line-Based Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) Tasks in Autonomous Mobile Robots. Sensors. 2012; 12(1):429-452.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Xinzheng; Rad, Ahmad B.; Wong, Yiu-Kwong. 2012. "Sensor Fusion of Monocular Cameras and Laser Rangefinders for Line-Based Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) Tasks in Autonomous Mobile Robots." Sensors 12, no. 1: 429-452.



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