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Single-Cell Chemical Lysis on Microfluidic Chips with Arrays of Microwells
Department of Mechanical Engineering and Advanced Institute of Manufacturing with High-Tech Innovation, National Chung Cheng University, Chia Yi 62102, Taiwan
Khristianovich Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Siberian Division, Russian Academy of Science, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 November 2011; in revised form: 26 December 2011 / Accepted: 29 December 2011 / Published: 30 December 2011
Abstract: Many conventional biochemical assays are performed using populations of cells to determine their quantitative biomolecular profiles. However, population averages do not reflect actual physiological processes in individual cells, which occur either on short time scales or nonsynchronously. Therefore, accurate analysis at the single-cell level has become a highly attractive tool for investigating cellular content. Microfluidic chips with arrays of microwells were developed for single-cell chemical lysis in the present study. The cellular occupancy in 30-mm-diameter microwells (91.45%) was higher than that in 20-mm-diameter microwells (83.19%) at an injection flow rate of 2.8 mL/min. However, most of the occupied 20-mm-diameter microwells contained individual cells. The results of chemical lysis experiments at the single-cell level indicate that cell membranes were gradually lysed as the lysis buffer was injected; they were fully lysed after 12 s. Single-cell chemical lysis was demonstrated in the proposed microfluidic chip, which is suitable for high-throughput cell lysis.
Keywords: microwell; single-cell; cell lysis; microfluidics
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Jen, C.-P.; Hsiao, J.-H.; Maslov, N.A. Single-Cell Chemical Lysis on Microfluidic Chips with Arrays of Microwells. Sensors 2012, 12, 347-358.
Jen C-P, Hsiao J-H, Maslov NA. Single-Cell Chemical Lysis on Microfluidic Chips with Arrays of Microwells. Sensors. 2012; 12(1):347-358.
Jen, Chun-Ping; Hsiao, Ju-Hsiu; Maslov, Nikolay A. 2012. "Single-Cell Chemical Lysis on Microfluidic Chips with Arrays of Microwells." Sensors 12, no. 1: 347-358.