Sensors 2012, 12(1), 359-372; doi:10.3390/s120100359

BIPV-Powered Smart Windows Utilizing Photovoltaic and Electrochromic Devices

1,* email and 2email
Received: 22 November 2011; in revised form: 24 December 2011 / Accepted: 29 December 2011 / Published: 30 December 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ultra-Small Sensor Systems and Components)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: A BIPV-powered smart window comprising a building-integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) panel and an all-solid-state electrochromic (EC) stack is proposed. In the proposed device, the output voltage of the BIPV panel varies in accordance with the intensity of the incident light and is modulated in such a way as to generate the EC stack voltage required to maintain the indoor illuminance within a specified range. Two different EC stacks are fabricated and characterized, namely one stack comprising ITO/WO3/Ta2O5/ITO and one stack comprising ITO/WO3/lithium-polymer electrolyte/ITO. It is shown that of the two stacks, the ITO/WO3/lithium-polymer electrolyte/ITO stack has a larger absorptance (i.e., approximately 99% at a driving voltage of 3.5 V). The experimental results show that the smart window incorporating an ITO/WO3/lithium-polymer electrolyte/ITO stack with an electrolyte thickness of 1.0 μm provides an indoor illuminance range of 750–1,500 Lux under typical summertime conditions in Taiwan.
Keywords: absorptance; BIPV; electrochromic; tungsten oxide (WO3)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ma, R.-H.; Chen, Y.-C. BIPV-Powered Smart Windows Utilizing Photovoltaic and Electrochromic Devices. Sensors 2012, 12, 359-372.

AMA Style

Ma R-H, Chen Y-C. BIPV-Powered Smart Windows Utilizing Photovoltaic and Electrochromic Devices. Sensors. 2012; 12(1):359-372.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ma, Rong-Hua; Chen, Yu-Chia. 2012. "BIPV-Powered Smart Windows Utilizing Photovoltaic and Electrochromic Devices." Sensors 12, no. 1: 359-372.

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