BIPV-Powered Smart Windows Utilizing Photovoltaic and Electrochromic Devices
AbstractA BIPV-powered smart window comprising a building-integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) panel and an all-solid-state electrochromic (EC) stack is proposed. In the proposed device, the output voltage of the BIPV panel varies in accordance with the intensity of the incident light and is modulated in such a way as to generate the EC stack voltage required to maintain the indoor illuminance within a specified range. Two different EC stacks are fabricated and characterized, namely one stack comprising ITO/WO3/Ta2O5/ITO and one stack comprising ITO/WO3/lithium-polymer electrolyte/ITO. It is shown that of the two stacks, the ITO/WO3/lithium-polymer electrolyte/ITO stack has a larger absorptance (i.e., approximately 99% at a driving voltage of 3.5 V). The experimental results show that the smart window incorporating an ITO/WO3/lithium-polymer electrolyte/ITO stack with an electrolyte thickness of 1.0 μm provides an indoor illuminance range of 750–1,500 Lux under typical summertime conditions in Taiwan.
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Ma, R.-H.; Chen, Y.-C. BIPV-Powered Smart Windows Utilizing Photovoltaic and Electrochromic Devices. Sensors 2012, 12, 359-372.
Ma R-H, Chen Y-C. BIPV-Powered Smart Windows Utilizing Photovoltaic and Electrochromic Devices. Sensors. 2012; 12(1):359-372.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ma, Rong-Hua; Chen, Yu-Chia. 2012. "BIPV-Powered Smart Windows Utilizing Photovoltaic and Electrochromic Devices." Sensors 12, no. 1: 359-372.