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Sensors 2011, 11(10), 9313-9326; doi:10.3390/s111009313
Article

Hall-Effect Based Semi-Fast AC On-Board Charging Equipment for Electric Vehicles

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Received: 24 June 2011; in revised form: 22 September 2011 / Accepted: 22 September 2011 / Published: 28 September 2011
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract: The expected increase in the penetration of electric vehicles (EV) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) will produce unbalanced conditions, reactive power consumption and current harmonics drawn by the battery charging equipment, causing a great impact on the power quality of the future smart grid. A single-phase semi-fast electric vehicle battery charger is proposed in this paper. This ac on-board charging equipment can operate in grid-to-vehicle (G2V) mode, and also in vehicle-to-grid (V2G) mode, transferring the battery energy to the grid when the vehicle is parked. The charger is controlled with a Perfect Harmonic Cancellation (PHC) strategy, contributing to improve the grid power quality, since the current demanded or injected has no harmonic content and a high power factor. Hall-effect current and voltage transducers have been used in the sensor stage to carry out this control strategy. Experimental results with a laboratory prototype are presented.
Keywords: V2G; G2V; electric vehicle; plug-in hybrid electric vehicle; battery charging equipment; power quality; perfect harmonic cancellation strategy V2G; G2V; electric vehicle; plug-in hybrid electric vehicle; battery charging equipment; power quality; perfect harmonic cancellation strategy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Milanés-Montero, M.I.; Gallardo-Lozano, J.; Romero-Cadaval, E.; González-Romera, E. Hall-Effect Based Semi-Fast AC On-Board Charging Equipment for Electric Vehicles. Sensors 2011, 11, 9313-9326.

AMA Style

Milanés-Montero MI, Gallardo-Lozano J, Romero-Cadaval E, González-Romera E. Hall-Effect Based Semi-Fast AC On-Board Charging Equipment for Electric Vehicles. Sensors. 2011; 11(10):9313-9326.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Milanés-Montero, María Isabel; Gallardo-Lozano, Javier; Romero-Cadaval, Enrique; González-Romera, Eva. 2011. "Hall-Effect Based Semi-Fast AC On-Board Charging Equipment for Electric Vehicles." Sensors 11, no. 10: 9313-9326.


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