Sensors 2010, 10(9), 8332-8347; doi:10.3390/s100908332
Article

Sturdy Positioning with High Sensitivity GPS Sensors Under Adverse Conditions

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Received: 8 July 2010; in revised form: 20 August 2010 / Accepted: 20 August 2010 / Published: 3 September 2010
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: High sensitivity GPS receivers have extended the use of GNSS navigation to environments which were previously deemed unsuitable for satellite signal reception. Under adverse conditions the signals become attenuated and reflected. High sensitivity receivers achieve signal reception by using a large number of correlators and an extended integration time. Processing the observation data in dynamic and rapidly changing conditions requires a careful and consistent treatment. Code-based autonomous solutions can cause major errors in the estimated position, due primarily to multipath effects. A custom procedure of autonomous GPS positioning has been developed, boosting the positioning performance through appropriate processing of code and Doppler observations. Besides the common positioning procedures, robust estimation methods have been used to minimise the effects of gross observation errors. In normal conditions, differential GNSS yields good results, however, under adverse conditions, it fails to improve significantly the receiver’s position. Therefore, a so-called conditional DGPS has been developed which determines the position differentially by using data from the strong signals only. These custom-developed procedures have been tested in different conditions in static and kinematic cases and the results have been compared to those processed by the receiver.
Keywords: GNSS; GPS positioning; high sensitivity; differential GPS; adverse conditions; Doppler observations
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MDPI and ACS Style

Trajkovski, K.K.; Sterle, O.; Stopar, B. Sturdy Positioning with High Sensitivity GPS Sensors Under Adverse Conditions. Sensors 2010, 10, 8332-8347.

AMA Style

Trajkovski KK, Sterle O, Stopar B. Sturdy Positioning with High Sensitivity GPS Sensors Under Adverse Conditions. Sensors. 2010; 10(9):8332-8347.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Trajkovski, Klemen Kozmus; Sterle, Oskar; Stopar, Bojan. 2010. "Sturdy Positioning with High Sensitivity GPS Sensors Under Adverse Conditions." Sensors 10, no. 9: 8332-8347.

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