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Sensors 2010, 10(11), 9831-9846; doi:10.3390/s101109831
Article

Metaphase FISH on a Chip: Miniaturized Microfluidic Device for Fluorescence in situ Hybridization

1,†,* , 1,†,* , 1
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Received: 2 August 2010; in revised form: 23 September 2010 / Accepted: 15 October 2010 / Published: 2 November 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Sensors Technology in Denmark)
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Abstract: Fluorescence in situ Hybridization (FISH) is a major cytogenetic technique for clinical genetic diagnosis of both inherited and acquired chromosomal abnormalities. Although FISH techniques have evolved and are often used together with other cytogenetic methods like CGH, PRINS and PNA-FISH, the process continues to be a manual, labour intensive, expensive and time consuming technique, often taking over 3–5 days, even in dedicated labs. We have developed a novel microFISH device to perform metaphase FISH on a chip which overcomes many shortcomings of the current laboratory protocols. This work also introduces a novel splashing device for preparing metaphase spreads on a microscope glass slide, followed by a rapid adhesive tape-based bonding protocol leading to rapid fabrication of the microFISH device. The microFISH device allows for an optimized metaphase FISH protocol on a chip with over a 20-fold reduction in the reagent volume. This is the first demonstration of metaphase FISH on a microfluidic device and offers a possibility of automation and significant cost reduction of many routine diagnostic tests of genetic anomalies.
Keywords: Fluorescence in situ Hybridization (FISH); lab on chip; genetic analysis; cytogenetics; chromosome spreading; metaphase FISH; chromosomal translocations Fluorescence in situ Hybridization (FISH); lab on chip; genetic analysis; cytogenetics; chromosome spreading; metaphase FISH; chromosomal translocations
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Vedarethinam, I.; Shah, P.; Dimaki, M.; Tumer, Z.; Tommerup, N.; Svendsen, W.E. Metaphase FISH on a Chip: Miniaturized Microfluidic Device for Fluorescence in situ Hybridization. Sensors 2010, 10, 9831-9846.

AMA Style

Vedarethinam I, Shah P, Dimaki M, Tumer Z, Tommerup N, Svendsen WE. Metaphase FISH on a Chip: Miniaturized Microfluidic Device for Fluorescence in situ Hybridization. Sensors. 2010; 10(11):9831-9846.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vedarethinam, Indumathi; Shah, Pranjul; Dimaki, Maria; Tumer, Zeynep; Tommerup, Niels; Svendsen, Winnie E. 2010. "Metaphase FISH on a Chip: Miniaturized Microfluidic Device for Fluorescence in situ Hybridization." Sensors 10, no. 11: 9831-9846.


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