Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase 1: Cellular Pluripotency, Reprogramming, and Tumorogenesis
AbstractPoly(ADP-ribos)ylation (PARylation) is the catalytic function of the Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases (Parps) family for post-translational modification in cellular process. Being a major member of Parps, Parp1 is a crucial nuclear factor with biological significance in modulating DNA repair, DNA replication, transcription, DNA methylation and chromatin remodeling through PARylation of downstream proteins. In addition, high expression level and activity of Parp1 are correlated with pluripotent status, reprogramming, and cancer. Furthermore, epigenetic modulation of Parp1 is explored for regulating wide variety of gene expression. Genetic and pharmaceutical disruption of Parp1 further confirmed the importance of Parp1 in cell growth, DNA repair, and reprogramming efficiency. Taken together, the proximity toward the understanding of the modulation of Parp1 including interaction and modification in different fields will provide new insight for future studies. In this review, the biological significance of Parp1 in transcription and the epigenetic modulation of Parp1 in pluripotent status, reprogramming process and cancer will be summarized. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Jiang, B.-H.; Tseng, W.-L.; Li, H.-Y.; Wang, M.-L.; Chang, Y.-L.; Sung, Y.-J.; Chiou, S.-H. Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase 1: Cellular Pluripotency, Reprogramming, and Tumorogenesis. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 15531-15545.
Jiang B-H, Tseng W-L, Li H-Y, Wang M-L, Chang Y-L, Sung Y-J, Chiou S-H. Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase 1: Cellular Pluripotency, Reprogramming, and Tumorogenesis. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2015; 16(7):15531-15545.Chicago/Turabian Style
Jiang, Bo-Hua; Tseng, Wei-Lien; Li, Hsin-Yang; Wang, Mong-Lien; Chang, Yuh-Lih; Sung, Yen-Jen; Chiou, Shih-Hwa. 2015. "Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase 1: Cellular Pluripotency, Reprogramming, and Tumorogenesis." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 16, no. 7: 15531-15545.