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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(7), 15546-15559; doi:10.3390/ijms160715546

Expansion of Non-Native Brown Trout in South Europe May Be Inadvertently Driven by Stocking: Molecular and Social Survey in the North Iberian Narcea River

1
Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Lausanne, Lausanne 1015, Switzerland
2
Department of Functional Biology, University of Oviedo, C/Julian Claveria s/n, Oviedo 33006, Spain
3
Department of Education Sciences, University of Oviedo, C/Aniceto Sela s/n, Oviedo 33005, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Li Lin
Received: 13 April 2015 / Revised: 18 May 2015 / Accepted: 5 June 2015 / Published: 9 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular and Cellular Biology)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1626 KB, uploaded 9 July 2015]   |  

Abstract

The biological and anthropogenic (management) factors that may contribute to the expansion of non-native lineages in managed fish have been studied in this work taking brown trout (Salmo trutta) as a model species. The changes of users’ opinion about stocking was studied employing social science methodology (surveys). The evolution of hatchery stocks together with the outcome of stocking were analysed with two genetic tools: the LDH-C1* locus (marker of non-native stocks) and six microsatellite loci (for assignment of wild trout to the natural population or putative hatchery stocks). Consulted stakeholders were convinced of the correctness of releasing only native stocks, although in practice the hatcheries managed by them contained important proportions of non-native gene carriers. Our results suggest that allochthonous individuals perform better and grow faster in hatchery conditions than the native ones. We also find a dilution of the impact of this kind of suplementation in wild conditions. The use of only native individuals as hatchery breeders tested for the presence of non-native alleles previously to the artificial crosses must be a priority. Surveys can help steer policy making toward decisions that will be followed by the public, but they should not be used to justify science. View Full-Text
Keywords: Salmo trutta; hatchery; stocking; introgression; management Salmo trutta; hatchery; stocking; introgression; management
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Horreo, J.L.; Abad, D.; Dopico, E.; Oberlin, M.; Garcia-Vazquez, E. Expansion of Non-Native Brown Trout in South Europe May Be Inadvertently Driven by Stocking: Molecular and Social Survey in the North Iberian Narcea River. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 15546-15559.

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Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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