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Molecules 2017, 22(6), 955; doi:10.3390/molecules22060955

Bioactive Mushroom Polysaccharides: A Review on Monosaccharide Composition, Biosynthesis and Regulation

1
Key Laboratory of Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, School of Biotechnology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China
2
School of Food and Biological Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
3
National Engineering Laboratory for Cereal Fermentation Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Quan-Bin Han, Sunan Wang and Shaoping Nie
Received: 22 April 2017 / Accepted: 5 June 2017 / Published: 13 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Polysaccharides)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [778 KB, uploaded 13 June 2017]   |  

Abstract

Mushrooms are widely distributed around the world and are heavily consumed because of their nutritional value and medicinal properties. Polysaccharides (PSs) are an important component of mushrooms, a major factor in their bioactive properties, and have been intensively studied during the past two decades. Monosaccharide composition/combinations are important determinants of PS bioactivities. This review summarizes: (i) monosaccharide composition/combinations in various mushroom PSs, and their relationships with PS bioactivities; (ii) possible biosynthetic pathways of mushroom PSs and effects of key enzymes on monosaccharide composition; (iii) regulation strategies in PS biosynthesis, and prospects for controllable biosynthesis of PSs with enhanced bioactivities. View Full-Text
Keywords: mushroom polysaccharides; monosaccharide composition; bioactivity; structure-activity relationship; biosynthesis; regulation mushroom polysaccharides; monosaccharide composition; bioactivity; structure-activity relationship; biosynthesis; regulation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wang, Q.; Wang, F.; Xu, Z.; Ding, Z. Bioactive Mushroom Polysaccharides: A Review on Monosaccharide Composition, Biosynthesis and Regulation. Molecules 2017, 22, 955.

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