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Molecules 2017, 22(6), 1013; doi:10.3390/molecules22061013

Deoxyelephantopin and Isodeoxyelephantopin as Potential Anticancer Agents with Effects on Multiple Signaling Pathways

1
College of Basic Medical Sciences, Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116044, China
2
Research Center for Advanced Materials Science, King Khalid University, Abha 61413, P.O. Box 9004, Saudi Arabia
3
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, King Khalid University, Abha 61413, P.O. Box 9004, Saudi Arabia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 May 2017 / Revised: 8 June 2017 / Accepted: 15 June 2017 / Published: 21 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Collection Bioactive Compounds)
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Abstract

Cancer is the 2nd leading cause of death worldwide. The development of drugs to target only one specific signaling pathway has limited therapeutic success. Developing chemotherapeutics to target multiple signaling pathways has emerged as a new prototype for cancer treatment. Deoxyelephantopin (DET) and isodeoxyelephantopin (IDET) are sesquiterpene lactone components of “Elephantopus scaber and Elephantopus carolinianus”, traditional Chinese medicinal herbs that have long been used as folk medicines to treat liver diseases, diabetes, diuresis, bronchitis, fever, diarrhea, dysentery, cancer, and inflammation. Recently, the anticancer activity of DET and IDET has been widely investigated. Here, our aim is to review the current status of DET and IDET, and discuss their anticancer activity with specific emphasis on molecular targets and mechanisms used by these compounds to trigger apoptosis pathways which may help to further design and conduct research to develop them as lead therapeutic drugs for cancer treatments. The literature has shown that DET and IDET induce apoptosis through multiple signaling pathways which are deregulated in cancer cells and suggested that by targeting multiple pathways simultaneously, these compounds could selectively kill cancer cells. This review suggests that DET and IDET hold promising anticancer activity but additional studies and clinical trials are needed to validate and understand their therapeutic effect to develop them into potent therapeutics for the treatment of cancer. View Full-Text
Keywords: deoxyelephantopin; isodeoxyelephantopin; Elephantopus scaber; Elephantopus carolinianus; apoptosis; cancer; inflammation deoxyelephantopin; isodeoxyelephantopin; Elephantopus scaber; Elephantopus carolinianus; apoptosis; cancer; inflammation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Mehmood, T.; Maryam, A.; Ghramh, H.A.; Khan, M.; Ma, T. Deoxyelephantopin and Isodeoxyelephantopin as Potential Anticancer Agents with Effects on Multiple Signaling Pathways. Molecules 2017, 22, 1013.

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