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Molecules 2014, 19(9), 15026-15041; doi:10.3390/molecules190915026

Photochemistry and Radical Chemistry under Low Intensity Visible Light Sources: Application to Photopolymerization Reactions

1
Institut de Science des Matériaux de Mulhouse (UMR CNRS-UHA 7361), 15 rue Jean Starcky, 68057 Mulhouse Cedex, France
2
ENSCMu-UHA, 3 rue Alfred Werner, 68200 Mulhouse, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 July 2014 / Revised: 9 September 2014 / Accepted: 12 September 2014 / Published: 18 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Free Radicals and Radical Ions)
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Abstract

The search for radical initiators able to work under soft conditions is a great challenge, driven by the fact that the use of safe and cheap light sources is very attractive. In the present paper, a review of some recently reported photoinitiating systems for polymerization under soft conditions is provided. Different approaches based on multi-component systems (e.g., photoredox catalysis) or light harvesting photoinitiators are described and discussed. The chemical mechanisms associated with the production of free radicals usable as initiating species or mediators of cations are reported. View Full-Text
Keywords: radical photopolymerization; free radical promoted cationic polymerization; photoinitiators; organometallic photocatalysts; organophotocatalysts; soft conditions; photoredox catalysis radical photopolymerization; free radical promoted cationic polymerization; photoinitiators; organometallic photocatalysts; organophotocatalysts; soft conditions; photoredox catalysis
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lalevée, J.; Morlet-Savary, F.; Dietlin, C.; Graff, B.; Fouassier, J.-P. Photochemistry and Radical Chemistry under Low Intensity Visible Light Sources: Application to Photopolymerization Reactions. Molecules 2014, 19, 15026-15041.

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