Different Fluorophore Labeling Strategies and Designs Affect Millisecond Kinetics of DNA Hairpins
AbstractChanges in molecular conformations are one of the major driving forces of complex biological processes. Many studies based on single-molecule techniques have shed light on conformational dynamics and contributed to a better understanding of living matter. In particular, single-molecule FRET experiments have revealed unprecedented information at various time scales varying from milliseconds to seconds. The choice and the attachment of fluorophores is a pivotal requirement for single-molecule FRET experiments. One particularly well-studied millisecond conformational change is the opening and closing of DNA hairpin structures. In this study, we addressed the influence of base- and terminal-labeled fluorophores as well as the fluorophore DNA interactions on the extracted kinetic information of the DNA hairpin. Gibbs free energies varied from ∆G0 = −3.6 kJ/mol to ∆G0 = −0.2 kJ/mol for the identical DNA hairpin modifying only the labeling scheme and design of the DNA sample. In general, the base-labeled DNA hairpin is significantly destabilized compared to the terminal-labeled DNA hairpin and fluorophore DNA interactions additionally stabilize the closed state of the DNA hairpin. Careful controls and variations of fluorophore attachment chemistry are essential for a mostly undisturbed measurement of the underlying energy landscape of biomolecules. View Full-Text
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Hartmann, A.; Krainer, G.; Schlierf, M. Different Fluorophore Labeling Strategies and Designs Affect Millisecond Kinetics of DNA Hairpins. Molecules 2014, 19, 13735-13754.
Hartmann A, Krainer G, Schlierf M. Different Fluorophore Labeling Strategies and Designs Affect Millisecond Kinetics of DNA Hairpins. Molecules. 2014; 19(9):13735-13754.Chicago/Turabian Style
Hartmann, Andreas; Krainer, Georg; Schlierf, Michael. 2014. "Different Fluorophore Labeling Strategies and Designs Affect Millisecond Kinetics of DNA Hairpins." Molecules 19, no. 9: 13735-13754.