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Molecules 2014, 19(8), 12194-12223; doi:10.3390/molecules190812194

The Effect of Some Fluoroquinolone Family Members on Biospeciation of Copper(II), Nickel(II) and Zinc(II) Ions in Human Plasma

1
Faculty of Science, Chemistry Department, University of Kragujevac, P.O.BOX 60, 34000 Kragujevac, Serbia
2
Faculty of Pharmacy, Analytical Chemistry Department, University of Belgrade, 11221 Belgrade, Serbia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 June 2014 / Revised: 25 July 2014 / Accepted: 30 July 2014 / Published: 13 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Practical Applications of Metal Complexes)
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Abstract

The speciation of Cu2+, Ni2+ and Zn2+ ions in the presence of the fluoroquinolones (FQs) moxifloxacin, ofloxacin, levofloxacin and ciprofloxacin, in human blood plasma was studied under physiological conditions by computer simulation. The speciation was calculated using an updated model of human blood plasma including over 6,000 species with the aid of the program Hyss2009. The identity and stability of metal-FQ complexes were determined by potentiometric (310 K, 0.15 mol/L NaCl), spectrophotometric, spectrofluorimetric, ESI-MS and 1H-NMR measurements. In the case of Cu2+ ion the concentration of main low molecular weight (LMW) plasma complex (Cu(Cis)His) is very slightly influenced by all examined FQs. FQs show much higher influence on main plasma Ni2+ and Zn2+ complexes: (Ni(His)2 and Zn(Cys)Cit, respectively. Levofloxacin exhibits the highest influence on the fraction of the main nickel complex, Ni(His)2, even at a concentration level of 3 × 10−5 mol/L. The same effect is seen on the main zinc complex, Zn(Cys)Cit. Calculated plasma mobilizing indexes indicate that ciprofloxacin possesses the highest mobilizing power from plasma proteins, toward copper ion, while levofloxacin is the most influential on nickel and zinc ions. The results obtained indicate that the drugs studied are safe in relation to mobilization of essential metal ions under physiological conditions. The observed effects were explained in terms of competitive equilibrium reactions between the FQs and the main LMW complexes of the metal ions. View Full-Text
Keywords: copper; nickel; zinc; fluoroquinolones; complexes; biospeciation; blood plasma; computer simulation copper; nickel; zinc; fluoroquinolones; complexes; biospeciation; blood plasma; computer simulation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Djurdjevic, P.; Jakovljevic, I.; Joksovic, L.; Ivanovic, N.; Jelikic-Stankov, M. The Effect of Some Fluoroquinolone Family Members on Biospeciation of Copper(II), Nickel(II) and Zinc(II) Ions in Human Plasma. Molecules 2014, 19, 12194-12223.

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