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Molecules 2014, 19(11), 18033-18056; doi:10.3390/molecules191118033

Deciphering the Role of Phytoalexins in Plant-Microorganism Interactions and Human Health

1
Laboratory of Stress, Defenses and Plant Reproduction, Research Unit "Vines and Wines of Champagne", UPRES EA 4707, Department of Biology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Reims, P.O. Box 1039, 51687 Reims cedex 02, France
2
Champagne Deville, 13 rue Carnot, Verzy 51380, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 September 2014 / Revised: 29 October 2014 / Accepted: 29 October 2014 / Published: 5 November 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Phytoalexins: Current Progress and Future Prospects)
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Abstract

Phytoalexins are low molecular weight antimicrobial compounds that are produced by plants as a response to biotic and abiotic stresses. As such they take part in an intricate defense system which enables plants to control invading microorganisms. In this review we present the key features of this diverse group of molecules, namely their chemical structures, biosynthesis, regulatory mechanisms, biological activities, metabolism and molecular engineering. View Full-Text
Keywords: phytoalexins; plants; defense mechanisms; microorganisms; biological activity phytoalexins; plants; defense mechanisms; microorganisms; biological activity
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Jeandet, P.; Hébrard, C.; Deville, M.-A.; Cordelier, S.; Dorey, S.; Aziz, A.; Crouzet, J. Deciphering the Role of Phytoalexins in Plant-Microorganism Interactions and Human Health. Molecules 2014, 19, 18033-18056.

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