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Molecules 2013, 18(11), 13446-13470; doi:10.3390/molecules181113446
Article

Xanthene and Xanthone Derivatives as G-Quadruplex Stabilizing Ligands

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Received: 27 September 2013; in revised form: 21 October 2013 / Accepted: 23 October 2013 / Published: 30 October 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue G-Quadruplexes & i-Motif DNA)
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Abstract: Following previous studies on anthraquinone and acridine-based G-quadruplex ligands, here we present a study of similar aromatic cores, with the specific aim of increasing G-quadruplex binding and selectivity with respect to duplex DNA. Synthesized compounds include two and three-side chain xanthone and xanthene derivatives, as well as a dimeric “bridged” form. ESI and FRET measurements suggest that all the studied molecules are good G-quadruplex ligands, both at telomeres and on G-quadruplex forming sequences of oncogene promoters. The dimeric compound and the three-side chain xanthone derivative have been shown to represent the best compounds emerging from the different series of ligands presented here, having also high selectivity for G-quadruplex structures with respect to duplex DNA. Molecular modeling simulations are in broad agreement with the experimental data.
Keywords: G-quadruplex; xanthene; xanthone; ESI-MS; FRET; telomere; c-myc; bcl-2 G-quadruplex; xanthene; xanthone; ESI-MS; FRET; telomere; c-myc; bcl-2
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Altieri, A.; Alvino, A.; Ohnmacht, S.; Ortaggi, G.; Neidle, S.; Nocioni, D.; Franceschin, M.; Bianco, A. Xanthene and Xanthone Derivatives as G-Quadruplex Stabilizing Ligands. Molecules 2013, 18, 13446-13470.

AMA Style

Altieri A, Alvino A, Ohnmacht S, Ortaggi G, Neidle S, Nocioni D, Franceschin M, Bianco A. Xanthene and Xanthone Derivatives as G-Quadruplex Stabilizing Ligands. Molecules. 2013; 18(11):13446-13470.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Altieri, Alessandro; Alvino, Antonello; Ohnmacht, Stephan; Ortaggi, Giancarlo; Neidle, Stephen; Nocioni, Daniele; Franceschin, Marco; Bianco, Armandodoriano. 2013. "Xanthene and Xanthone Derivatives as G-Quadruplex Stabilizing Ligands." Molecules 18, no. 11: 13446-13470.



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