Molecules 2012, 17(6), 6465-6480; doi:10.3390/molecules17066465
Article

Influence of Chemical Extraction Conditions on the Physicochemical and Functional Properties of Polysaccharide Gum from Durian (Durio zibethinus) Seed

Department of Food Technology, Faculty of Food Science and Technology, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 March 2012; in revised form: 1 May 2012 / Accepted: 17 May 2012 / Published: 29 May 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Polysaccharides: Chemistry, Bioactivity and Analysis)
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Abstract: Durian seed is an agricultural biomass waste of durian fruit. It can be a natural plant source of non-starch polysaccharide gum with potential functional properties. The main goal of the present study was to investigate the effect of chemical extraction variables (i.e., the decolouring time, soaking temperature and soaking time) on the physicochemical properties of durian seed gum. The physicochemical and functional properties of chemically-extracted durian seed gum were assessed by determining the particle size and distribution, solubility and the water- and oil-holding capacity (WHC and OHC). The present work revealed that the soaking time should be considered as the most critical extraction variable affecting the physicochemical properties of crude durian seed gum.
Keywords: seed gum; chemical extraction; solubility; water-holding capacity; oil-holding capacity

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MDPI and ACS Style

Mirhosseini, H.; Amid, B.T. Influence of Chemical Extraction Conditions on the Physicochemical and Functional Properties of Polysaccharide Gum from Durian (Durio zibethinus) Seed. Molecules 2012, 17, 6465-6480.

AMA Style

Mirhosseini H, Amid BT. Influence of Chemical Extraction Conditions on the Physicochemical and Functional Properties of Polysaccharide Gum from Durian (Durio zibethinus) Seed. Molecules. 2012; 17(6):6465-6480.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mirhosseini, Hamed; Amid, Bahareh Tabatabaee. 2012. "Influence of Chemical Extraction Conditions on the Physicochemical and Functional Properties of Polysaccharide Gum from Durian (Durio zibethinus) Seed." Molecules 17, no. 6: 6465-6480.

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