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Molecules 2012, 17(6), 6449-6464; doi:10.3390/molecules17066449
Article

The Coumarin Psoralidin Enhances Anticancer Effect of Tumor Necrosis Factor-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand (TRAIL)

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Received: 29 March 2012; in revised form: 15 May 2012 / Accepted: 21 May 2012 / Published: 29 May 2012
(This article belongs to the collection Bioactive Compounds)
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Abstract: Coumarins are a very common type of secondary plant metabolites with a broad spectrum of biological activities. Psoralidin is a naturally occurring furanocoumarin isolated from Psoralea corylifolia possessing anticancer and chemopreventive properties. Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) triggers apoptosis in cancer cells with no toxicity toward normal tissues. Endogenous TRAIL plays an important role in immune surveillance and defence against cancer cells. Coumarins can modulate TRAIL-mediated apoptosis in cancer cells. We examined the cytotoxic and apoptotic activities of psoralidin in combination with TRAIL on HeLa cancer cells. The cytotoxicity was measured by MTT and LDH assays. The apoptosis was detected using annexin V-FITC staining and mitochondrial membrane potential was evaluated using DePsipher staining by fluorescence microscopy. Death receptor (TRAIL-R1/DR4 and TRAIL-R2/DR5) expression was analyzed using flow cytometry. Psoralidin enhanced TRAIL-induced apoptosis in HeLa cells through increased expression of TRAIL-R2 death receptor and depolarization of mitochondrial membrane potential. Our study indicated that psoralidin augmented the anticancer effects of TRAIL and confirmed a potential use of coumarins in cancer chemoprevention.
Keywords: coumarin; psoralidin; apoptosis; TRAIL; cancer cells; chemoprevention coumarin; psoralidin; apoptosis; TRAIL; cancer cells; chemoprevention
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bronikowska, J.; Szliszka, E.; Jaworska, D.; Czuba, Z.P.; Krol, W. The Coumarin Psoralidin Enhances Anticancer Effect of Tumor Necrosis Factor-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand (TRAIL). Molecules 2012, 17, 6449-6464.

AMA Style

Bronikowska J, Szliszka E, Jaworska D, Czuba ZP, Krol W. The Coumarin Psoralidin Enhances Anticancer Effect of Tumor Necrosis Factor-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand (TRAIL). Molecules. 2012; 17(6):6449-6464.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bronikowska, Joanna; Szliszka, Ewelina; Jaworska, Dagmara; Czuba, Zenon P.; Krol, Wojciech. 2012. "The Coumarin Psoralidin Enhances Anticancer Effect of Tumor Necrosis Factor-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand (TRAIL)." Molecules 17, no. 6: 6449-6464.



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