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Molecules 2012, 17(2), 1635-1651; doi:10.3390/molecules17021635
Article

Prebiotic Activity of Polysaccharides Extracted from Gigantochloa Levis (Buluh beting) Shoots

1,2, 3,* , 3,4 and 4
Received: 11 October 2011 / Revised: 28 December 2011 / Accepted: 13 January 2012 / Published: 7 February 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multicomponent Reaction)
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Abstract

Bamboo shoot crude polysaccharides (BSCP) extracted from the shoots of Gigantochloa levis gave about 3.27 ± 0.18% on dry basis and a very minute percentage of protein (0.02 ± 0.01%). The molecular weight of BSCP estimated by gel chromatography was found to be around 7.49 × 103 Da, while the molecular weights of purified fractions (F1 to F5) were around 1550.96, 1471.63, 1685.78, 1691.61 and 1551.67 Da, respectively. The FTIR spectrum of BSCP revealed the possibility that the extract contains β-glucan, which can be considered a valuable compound for the medical and food industries. These relate to the resistance of BSCP towards artificial human gastric juice which is more than 99%. Prebiotic activity tested using BSCP as a carbon source showed significant increase in the growth of B. animalis ATCC 1053, B. longum BB 536 and L. acidophilus ATCC 4356 as compared to the use of FOS. Survivality of S. choleraesuis JCM 6977 was found to be slower in both BSCP and FOS. Study conducted reflects a good sign for the BSCP to be exploited as a promising prebiotic.
Keywords: polysaccharides; FOS; prebiotics; probiotics; optical density polysaccharides; FOS; prebiotics; probiotics; optical density
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Azmi, A.F.M.N.; Mustafa, S.; Hashim, D.M.; Manap, Y.A. Prebiotic Activity of Polysaccharides Extracted from Gigantochloa Levis (Buluh beting) Shoots. Molecules 2012, 17, 1635-1651.

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