Molecules 2011, 16(2), 1519-1532; doi:10.3390/molecules16021519
Article

Tannin Composition of Cabernet-Sauvignon and Merlot Grapes from the Bordeaux Area for Different Vintages (2006 to 2009) and Comparison to Tannin Profile of Five 2009 Vintage Mediterranean Grapes Varieties

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Received: 25 January 2011; Accepted: 9 February 2011 / Published: 11 February 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tannins)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The proanthocyandin composition of skins and seeds of Bordeaux Merlot (M) and Cabernet Sauvignon (CS) grapes was evaluated by HPLC-UV-fluorescence for four consecutive vintages (2006 to 2009). The results indicated a strong vintage effect on the tannin profile of each variety. However, and in spite of the vintage effect, some tannin characteristics such as mDP, %G and %P allow discrimination of both Bordeaux varieties. The same analyses were carried out for the 2009 vintage of five Mediterranean grape varieties (Syrah, Grenache, Mourvedre, Carignan and Counoise). The results demonstrated differences among these five varieties. Syrah appeared to exhibit the highest concentrations of flavanol monomers and dimmers, especially in skins. The comparison study between Bordeaux and Mediterranean grape varieties for the same vintage (2009) revealed that mDP and %G for seed extracts were parameters specific to each vineyard area.
Keywords: Cabernet-Sauvignon; Merlot; mediterranean varieties; grapes; proanthocyanidins
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chira, K.; Lorrain, B.; Ky, I.; Teissedre, P.-L. Tannin Composition of Cabernet-Sauvignon and Merlot Grapes from the Bordeaux Area for Different Vintages (2006 to 2009) and Comparison to Tannin Profile of Five 2009 Vintage Mediterranean Grapes Varieties. Molecules 2011, 16, 1519-1532.

AMA Style

Chira K, Lorrain B, Ky I, Teissedre P-L. Tannin Composition of Cabernet-Sauvignon and Merlot Grapes from the Bordeaux Area for Different Vintages (2006 to 2009) and Comparison to Tannin Profile of Five 2009 Vintage Mediterranean Grapes Varieties. Molecules. 2011; 16(2):1519-1532.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chira, Kleopatra; Lorrain, Bénédicte; Ky, Isabelle; Teissedre, Pierre-Louis. 2011. "Tannin Composition of Cabernet-Sauvignon and Merlot Grapes from the Bordeaux Area for Different Vintages (2006 to 2009) and Comparison to Tannin Profile of Five 2009 Vintage Mediterranean Grapes Varieties." Molecules 16, no. 2: 1519-1532.

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