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Molecules 2010, 15(6), 3863-3877; doi:10.3390/molecules15063863
Article

Acid-Catalysed Conversion of Saccharides into Furanic Aldehydes in the Presence of Three-Dimensional Mesoporous Al-TUD-1

1
,
1
,
2
,
1
,
2
 and
1,*
1 Department of Chemistry, CICECO, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal 2 Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Centre for Biological and Chemical Engineering, Instituto Superior Técnico, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 April 2010 / Revised: 24 May 2010 / Accepted: 26 May 2010 / Published: 28 May 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nano-catalysts and Nano-technologies for Green Organic Synthesis)
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Abstract

The one-pot acid-catalysed conversion of mono/di/polysaccharides (inulin, xylan, cellobiose, sucrose, glucose, fructose, xylose) into 2-furfuraldehyde (FUR) or 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) in the presence of aluminium-containing mesoporous TUD-1 (denoted as Al-TUD-1, Si/Al = 21), at 170 ºC was investigated. Xylose gave 60% FUR yield after 6 h reaction; hexose-based mono/disaccharides gave less than 20% HMF yield; polysaccharides gave less than 20 wt % FUR or HMF yields after 6 h. For four consecutive 6 h batches of the xylose reaction in the presence of Al-TUD-1, the FUR yields achieved were similar, without significant changes in Si/Al ratio.
Keywords: solid acid; mesoporous materials; biomass valorisation; 2-furfuraldehyde; 5-hydroxymethylfurfural solid acid; mesoporous materials; biomass valorisation; 2-furfuraldehyde; 5-hydroxymethylfurfural
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Lima, S.; Antunes, M.M.; Fernandes, A.; Pillinger, M.; Ribeiro, M.F.; Valente, A.A. Acid-Catalysed Conversion of Saccharides into Furanic Aldehydes in the Presence of Three-Dimensional Mesoporous Al-TUD-1. Molecules 2010, 15, 3863-3877.

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