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Molecules 2010, 15(11), 7985-8005; doi:10.3390/molecules15117985

Monocyclic Phenolic Acids; Hydroxy- and Polyhydroxybenzoic Acids: Occurrence and Recent Bioactivity Studies

Natural Health Products Directorate, Health Products and Food Branch, Health Canada, 2936 Baseline Road, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0K9, Canada
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Received: 19 October 2010 / Revised: 3 November 2010 / Accepted: 4 November 2010 / Published: 8 November 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Phenolics and Polyphenolics)
Download PDF [242 KB, 18 June 2014; original version 18 June 2014]

Abstract

Among the wide diversity of naturally occurring phenolic acids, at least 30 hydroxy- and polyhydroxybenzoic acids have been reported in the last 10 years to have biological activities. The chemical structures, natural occurrence throughout the plant, algal, bacterial, fungal and animal kingdoms, and recently described bioactivities of these phenolic and polyphenolic acids are reviewed to illustrate their wide distribution, biological and ecological importance, and potential as new leads for the development of pharmaceutical and agricultural products to improve human health and nutrition.
Keywords: polyphenols; phenolic acids; hydroxybenzoic acids; natural occurrence; bioactivities polyphenols; phenolic acids; hydroxybenzoic acids; natural occurrence; bioactivities
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Khadem, S.; Marles, R.J. Monocyclic Phenolic Acids; Hydroxy- and Polyhydroxybenzoic Acids: Occurrence and Recent Bioactivity Studies. Molecules 2010, 15, 7985-8005.

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