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Molecules 2010, 15(11), 7985-8005; doi:10.3390/molecules15117985
Review

Monocyclic Phenolic Acids; Hydroxy- and Polyhydroxybenzoic Acids: Occurrence and Recent Bioactivity Studies

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Received: 19 October 2010 / Revised: 3 November 2010 / Accepted: 4 November 2010 / Published: 8 November 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Phenolics and Polyphenolics)
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Abstract

Among the wide diversity of naturally occurring phenolic acids, at least 30 hydroxy- and polyhydroxybenzoic acids have been reported in the last 10 years to have biological activities. The chemical structures, natural occurrence throughout the plant, algal, bacterial, fungal and animal kingdoms, and recently described bioactivities of these phenolic and polyphenolic acids are reviewed to illustrate their wide distribution, biological and ecological importance, and potential as new leads for the development of pharmaceutical and agricultural products to improve human health and nutrition.
Keywords: polyphenols; phenolic acids; hydroxybenzoic acids; natural occurrence; bioactivities polyphenols; phenolic acids; hydroxybenzoic acids; natural occurrence; bioactivities
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Khadem, S.; Marles, R.J. Monocyclic Phenolic Acids; Hydroxy- and Polyhydroxybenzoic Acids: Occurrence and Recent Bioactivity Studies. Molecules 2010, 15, 7985-8005.

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