Special Issue "Marine Photoprotective Compounds"
A special issue of Marine Drugs (ISSN 1660-3397).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2009)
Dr. Manfred Klisch
Plant Ecophysiology, Department of Biology, Friedrich-Alexander University, Erlangen, Germany
Interests: ecophysiology of algae and cyanobacteria; biochemical adaptations to environmental stress
Marine organisms of the photic zone have evolved a variety of defense strategies against the adverse effects of solar radiation. These include screening of the ultraviolet proportions of the solar spectrum, quenching of photochemically generated radicals and repair of photodamage. Apart from carotenoids the mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) are among the most prominent examples of marine photoprotective compounds. These strong UV-absorbers have gained continuing scientific attention over the last decades. The increasing public concern regarding possible adverse effects of synthetic sunscreens underlines the necessity of natural alternatives and adjuvants. Therefore MAAs have attained particular commercial interest in the recent years. The current special issue will present a selection of research papers and reviews on the different aspects of marine photoprotective compounds. These can be original research articles as well as review papers related to marine photoprotective compounds. The focus of the papers may range from physiological and biochemical aspects to possible applications.
Manfred Klisch, Ph. D.
- mycosporine-like amino acids
- scytonemin; photoprotective compounds
- ultraviolet radiation
- reactive oxygen species