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Mar. Drugs 2010, 8(4), 1189-1202; doi:10.3390/md8041189
Review

Anti-photoaging and Photoprotective Compounds Derived from Marine Organisms

1
, 1
 and 1,2,*
Received: 22 February 2010; in revised form: 30 March 2010 / Accepted: 7 April 2010 / Published: 8 April 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Photoprotective Compounds)
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Abstract: Marine organisms form a prominent component of the oceanic population, which significantly contribute in the production of cosmeceutical and pharmaceutical molecules with biologically efficient moieties. In addition to the molecules of various biological activities like anti-bacterial, anti-cancerous, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative etc., these organisms also produce potential photoprotective or anti-photoaging agents, which are attracting present day researchers. Continuous exposure to UV irradiation (both UV-A and UV-B) leads to the skin cancer and other photoaging complications, which are typically mediated by the reactive oxygen species (ROS), generated in the oxidative pathways. Many of the anti-oxidative and anti-photoaging compounds have been identified previously, which work efficiently against photodamage of the skin. Recently, marine originated photoprotective or anti-photoaging behavior was observed in the methanol extracts of Corallina pilulifera (CPM). These extracts were found to exert potent antioxidant activity and protective effect on UV-A-induced oxidative stress in human dermal fibroblast (HDF) cells by protecting DNA and also by inhibiting matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), a key component in photoaging of the skin due to exposure to UV-A. The present review depicts various other photoprotective compounds from algae and other marine sources for further elaborative research and their probable use in cosmeceutical and pharmaceutical industries.
Keywords: anti-photoaging; photoprotection; UV irradiation; reactive oxygen species (ROS); matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) anti-photoaging; photoprotection; UV irradiation; reactive oxygen species (ROS); matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pallela, R.; Na-Young, Y.; Kim, S.-K. Anti-photoaging and Photoprotective Compounds Derived from Marine Organisms. Mar. Drugs 2010, 8, 1189-1202.

AMA Style

Pallela R, Na-Young Y, Kim S-K. Anti-photoaging and Photoprotective Compounds Derived from Marine Organisms. Marine Drugs. 2010; 8(4):1189-1202.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pallela, Ramjee; Na-Young, Yoon; Kim, Se-Kwon. 2010. "Anti-photoaging and Photoprotective Compounds Derived from Marine Organisms." Mar. Drugs 8, no. 4: 1189-1202.



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