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Special Issue "Residual and Ground State Entropy"

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A special issue of Entropy (ISSN 1099-4300).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 December 2011)

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Evguenii Kozliak

Department of Chemistry, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND 58202, USA
Website | E-Mail
Phone: (701) 777-2145
Interests: application of the fundamental concepts of physical chemistry to complex lab-scale and real-world processes; studies of mechanisms of complex processes; novel technical aspects of pedagogy in teaching physical chemistry
Guest Editor
Dr. Roger G. Melko

Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1, Canada
Website | E-Mail
Interests: condensed matter; quantum many-body theory; frustrated magnetism; quantum phase transitions; cold atoms in optical lattices; superfluids and supersolids; entanglement in condensed matter; topological order; quantum monte carlo; density matrix renormalization group

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In the 1930s, Pauling, Giauque, and others were the first to discuss the idea of residual entropy, arising from the configurational disorder in ice water and other molecular systems at low temperatures.  Since that time, the theoretical and experimental study of residual entropy, and its consequences in thermodynamics and materials, has spawned a large body of work across many fields.  The purpose of the special issue is to bring together topics that reflect the most recent exciting developments in the study of the properties of informational, physical, and chemical systems that display residual entropy.  Mathematical, theoretical, or experimental works are equally welcome, which cover topics including (but not limited to):

  • Disorder at zero temperature
  • Configurational residual entropy and connections to thermodynamics
  • Pedagogical aspects of connecting informational and phenomenological thermodynamic aspects of entropy
  • Magnetic systems and Spin Ice
  • The third law of thermodynamics
  • Entropy in glassy systems
  • Residual entropy in mathematics and information science
  • Quantum groundstates with residual entropy and spin liquids

Prof. Dr. Evguenii Kozliak
Dr. Roger G. Melko
Guest Editors

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Open AccessCommentary Distinguishability in Entropy Calculations: Chemical Reactions, Conformational and Residual Entropy
Entropy 2011, 13(8), 1533-1540; doi:10.3390/e13081533
Received: 15 June 2011 / Revised: 2 August 2011 / Accepted: 20 August 2011 / Published: 23 August 2011
Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (95 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
By analyzing different examples of practical entropy calculations and using concepts such as conformational and residual entropies, I show herein that experimental calorimetric entropies of single molecules can be theoretically reproduced considering chemically identical atoms either as distinguishable or indistinguishable particles. The broadly
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By analyzing different examples of practical entropy calculations and using concepts such as conformational and residual entropies, I show herein that experimental calorimetric entropies of single molecules can be theoretically reproduced considering chemically identical atoms either as distinguishable or indistinguishable particles. The broadly used correction in entropy calculations due to the symmetry number and particle indistinguishability is not mandatory, as an ad hoc correction, to obtain accurate values of absolute and relative entropies. It is shown that, for any chemical reaction of any kind, considering distinguishability or indistinguishability among identical atoms is irrelevant as long as we act consistently in the calculation of all the required entropy contributions. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Residual and Ground State Entropy)

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