Special Issue "Modified Gravity: From Black Holes Entropy to Current Cosmology"

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A special issue of Entropy (ISSN 1099-4300). This special issue belongs to the section "Astrophysics and Cosmology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (20 September 2012)

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Sergei D. Odintsov
Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA) and Institut de Ciencies de l’Espai (IEEC-CSIC), Campus UAB, Facultat de Ciencies, Torre C5-Par-2a pl, E-08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain
Website: http://www.ice.csic.es/en/view_staff.php?MID=41&ap=1
E-Mail: odintsov@ieec.uab.es
Phone: +34 93 5814368
Fax: +34 93 5814363
Interests: cosmology; dark energy and inflation; quantum gravity; modified gravity and beyond general relativity; quantum fields at external fields

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Kazuharu Bamba
Leading Graduate School Promotion Center, Ochanomizu University, 2-1-1 Ohtsuka, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112-8610, Japan
E-Mail: bamba.kazuharu@ocha.ac.jp
Phone: +81 3 5978 5775
Fax: +81 3 5978 5776
Interests: modified theories of gravity; dark energy; cosmology; particle-theory and field-theory models of the early universe; electric and magnetic fields; quantum aspects of black holes, evaporation, thermodynamics

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Recent cosmological observations strongly support that the current expansion of the universe is accelerating. The origin of such a cosmic acceleration mechanism is one of the most significant problems in modern cosmology. Indeed, this is shown by the fact that the Nobel Prize in Physics 2011 was presented to the finding of the current cosmic acceleration by means of the observations of the Type Ia supernovae.

There are two representative approaches to explain the current accelerated expansion of the universe. One is to introduce “dark energy” in the framework of general relativity. The other is to modify a gravitational theory, such as F(R) gravity, so that we can obtain so-called geometrical dark energy. It is believed that a modified gravitational theory must pass cosmological bounds and solar system tests because it corresponds to an alternative theory of gravitation to general relativity. As another meaningful touchstone of modified gravity, it is important to examine whether the second law of thermodynamics can be satisfied in the models of modified gravity.

The fundamental connection between gravitation and thermodynamics has been suggested by the discovery of black hole thermodynamics with black hole entropy and Hawking temperature. In addition, it was shown that the Einstein equation can be derived from the proportionality of the entropy to the horizon area together with the Clausius relation in thermodynamics. This consequence has been applied to various cosmological settings as well as modified gravitational theories. In particular, the connections between thermodynamics and modified gravity have recently been discussed extensively.

In this special issue, we discuss the application of thermodynamics to the test of a successful alternative gravitational theory to general relativity. Through this procedure, we can obtain a clue to resolve the dark energy problem “geometrically”. It is considered that any successful modified gravity theory should obey the second law of thermodynamics. If the second law is violated in certain universes in a model, it is more likely to be due to an incorrect generalization of the second law or some inherent inconsistency of the model itself. For the latter case, the model should be abandoned. It is strongly expected that the considerations of this special issue can produce our new physical understanding on entropy in the context of the relation between thermodynamics and gravitation and shed light on novel ingredients as well as insights on modern cosmology, in particular new properties of dark energy.

Prof. Dr. Sergei D. Odintsov
Dr. Kazuharu Bamba
Guest Editors

Keywords

  • Quantum aspects of black holes, evaporation, thermodynamics
  • Black hole entropy
  • Modified theories of gravity
  • Dark energy
  • Cosmology

Published Papers (17 papers)

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Displaying article 1-17
p. 162-176
by
Entropy 2013, 15(1), 162-176; doi:10.3390/e15010162
Received: 28 August 2012; in revised form: 17 December 2012 / Accepted: 7 January 2013 / Published: 9 January 2013
Show/Hide Abstract | Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (216 KB)
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modified Gravity: From Black Holes Entropy to Current Cosmology)
p. 156-161
by
Entropy 2013, 15(1), 156-161; doi:10.3390/e15010156
Received: 28 November 2012; Accepted: 25 December 2012 / Published: 8 January 2013
Show/Hide Abstract | Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (147 KB)
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modified Gravity: From Black Holes Entropy to Current Cosmology)
p. 2456-2477
by
Entropy 2012, 14(12), 2456-2477; doi:10.3390/e14122456
Received: 26 October 2012; in revised form: 22 November 2012 / Accepted: 23 November 2012 / Published: 4 December 2012
Show/Hide Abstract | Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (369 KB)
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modified Gravity: From Black Holes Entropy to Current Cosmology)
p. 2351-2374
by , , , ,  and
Entropy 2012, 14(11), 2351-2374; doi:10.3390/e14112351
Received: 27 August 2012; in revised form: 27 September 2012 / Accepted: 23 October 2012 / Published: 20 November 2012
Show/Hide Abstract | Cited by 7 | PDF Full-text (195 KB)
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modified Gravity: From Black Holes Entropy to Current Cosmology)
p. 2302-2310
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Entropy 2012, 14(11), 2302-2310; doi:10.3390/e14112302
Received: 19 October 2012; in revised form: 6 November 2012 / Accepted: 8 November 2012 / Published: 12 November 2012
Show/Hide Abstract | Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (193 KB)
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modified Gravity: From Black Holes Entropy to Current Cosmology)
p. 2143-2156
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Entropy 2012, 14(11), 2143-2156; doi:10.3390/e14112143
Received: 7 September 2012; in revised form: 19 October 2012 / Accepted: 29 October 2012 / Published: 2 November 2012
Show/Hide Abstract | PDF Full-text (201 KB)
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modified Gravity: From Black Holes Entropy to Current Cosmology)
p. 1997-2035
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Entropy 2012, 14(10), 1997-2035; doi:10.3390/e14101997
Received: 18 September 2012; in revised form: 11 October 2012 / Accepted: 15 October 2012 / Published: 19 October 2012
Show/Hide Abstract | PDF Full-text (587 KB)
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modified Gravity: From Black Holes Entropy to Current Cosmology)
p. 1978-1996
by  and
Entropy 2012, 14(10), 1978-1996; doi:10.3390/e14101978
Received: 20 August 2012; in revised form: 23 September 2012 / Accepted: 27 September 2012 / Published: 18 October 2012
Show/Hide Abstract | Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (316 KB)
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modified Gravity: From Black Holes Entropy to Current Cosmology)
p. 1771-1783
by ,  and
Entropy 2012, 14(9), 1771-1783; doi:10.3390/e14091771
Received: 21 August 2012; in revised form: 13 September 2012 / Accepted: 17 September 2012 / Published: 20 September 2012
Show/Hide Abstract | Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (538 KB)
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modified Gravity: From Black Holes Entropy to Current Cosmology)
p. 1717-1770
by  and
Entropy 2012, 14(9), 1717-1770; doi:10.3390/e14091717
Received: 12 July 2012; in revised form: 14 August 2012 / Accepted: 24 August 2012 / Published: 18 September 2012
Show/Hide Abstract | Cited by 31 | PDF Full-text (1458 KB)
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modified Gravity: From Black Holes Entropy to Current Cosmology)
p. 1627-1651
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Entropy 2012, 14(9), 1627-1651; doi:10.3390/e14091627
Received: 20 July 2012; in revised form: 17 August 2012 / Accepted: 21 August 2012 / Published: 4 September 2012
Show/Hide Abstract | Cited by 9 | PDF Full-text (353 KB)
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modified Gravity: From Black Holes Entropy to Current Cosmology)
p. 1578-1605
by ,  and
Entropy 2012, 14(8), 1578-1605; doi:10.3390/e14081578
Received: 21 July 2012; in revised form: 14 August 2012 / Accepted: 16 August 2012 / Published: 23 August 2012
Show/Hide Abstract | Cited by 3 | PDF Full-text (314 KB)
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modified Gravity: From Black Holes Entropy to Current Cosmology)
p. 1296-1305
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Entropy 2012, 14(7), 1296-1305; doi:10.3390/e14071296
Received: 19 April 2012; in revised form: 4 June 2012 / Accepted: 13 June 2012 / Published: 23 July 2012
Show/Hide Abstract | Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (112 KB)
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modified Gravity: From Black Holes Entropy to Current Cosmology)
p. 1203-1220
by ,  and
Entropy 2012, 14(7), 1203-1220; doi:10.3390/e14071203
Received: 1 May 2012; in revised form: 30 May 2012 / Accepted: 18 June 2012 / Published: 9 July 2012
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modified Gravity: From Black Holes Entropy to Current Cosmology)
p. 1140-1153
by  and
Entropy 2012, 14(7), 1140-1153; doi:10.3390/e14071140
Received: 24 April 2012; in revised form: 21 May 2012 / Accepted: 21 May 2012 / Published: 25 June 2012
Show/Hide Abstract | Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (267 KB)
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modified Gravity: From Black Holes Entropy to Current Cosmology)
p. 958-965
by
Entropy 2012, 14(5), 958-965; doi:10.3390/e14050958
Received: 16 April 2012; Accepted: 11 May 2012 / Published: 16 May 2012
Show/Hide Abstract | Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (214 KB)
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modified Gravity: From Black Holes Entropy to Current Cosmology)
p. 848-855
by
Entropy 2012, 14(5), 848-855; doi:10.3390/e14050848
Received: 20 March 2012; in revised form: 18 April 2012 / Accepted: 18 April 2012 / Published: 4 May 2012
Show/Hide Abstract | Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (108 KB)
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modified Gravity: From Black Holes Entropy to Current Cosmology)
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Last update: 3 December 2014

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