Special Issue "Bioenergy in the BRICS Countries"
A special issue of Challenges (ISSN 2078-1547).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 January 2015)
Dr. Veli Pohjonen
University of Helsinki, Finland
The BRICS countries, a group formed by Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa are the five newly industrialized and fast growing major emerging economies in the world. Presently, the BRICS countries represent almost three billion people with a combined nominal GDP of about USD 16 trillion. Together with the rising economic power, the BRICS countries also play an important role in the global energy arena. Among the group members, China is the second while India is the fourth biggest oil importing countries in the world; Russia is the world’s biggest oil and gas exporter; and Brazil is the second biggest ethanol producer in the world and also has a large hydropower sector. In recent years, the BRICS countries have made important strides to develop their domestic clean and green energy sectors including bioenergy and other renewable energy technologies by mobilizing huge investments. The current status of the modern bioenergy sector significantly differs within the BRICS countries, however. For example, a large number of people in China, India and South Africa depend on biomass for meeting their primary energy needs, though the modern biomass-based heat and power industry is yet to become fully functional in these countries. On the other hand, Brazil has an advanced biofuel industry based on sugarcane as a feedstock, while the Russian bioenergy sector has yet to gain momentum—even though the country has the largest forestry resources in the world. In this context, it demands special attention from researchers to assess the prospects of the modern bioenergy sector in the BRICS countries by taking into account all the possible opportunities and challenges (for example, policy, technology, environment, finance, and social) that can influence the development of a sustainable bioenergy sector in each of these countries. This Special Issue aims to bring researchers, policy makers and practitioners together from the BRICS countries and also from other countries, to explore all these issues and provide a forum to share their knowledge in the form of contributing high quality research papers that provide new directions towards developing a modern and sustainable bioenergy sector in the BRICS countries.
Dr. Veli Pohjonen
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Challenges is an international peer-reviewed Open Access biannual journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. For the first couple of issues the Article Processing Charge (APC) will be waived for well-prepared manuscripts. English correction and/or formatting fees of 250 CHF (Swiss Francs) will be charged in certain cases for those articles accepted for publication that require extensive additional formatting and/or English corrections.