Special Issue "Innovations in Paper-based Flexible Batteries"

A special issue of Batteries (ISSN 2313-0105).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 April 2018

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Mangilal Agarwal

Department of Mechanical Engineering and Integrated Nanosystems Development Institute (INDI), Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
Website | E-Mail

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

According to a recent forecast, the thin and flexible battery market will reach $460 million by 2026. In order to meet the industry demand, major innovations are needed in flexible battery technologies. In recent years, Li-ion batteries have been leading the usage in portable devices despite their longevity and some safety issues. One of the primary reasons is that the Li-ion batteries have higher energy density in terms of the weight and the size of a Li-ion battery compared to others. Yet a battery in a portable electronic device constitutes a significant portion of the total device weight and restrict them to certain applications. These reasons, as well the pursuit for more light-weight and cost-effective battery technologies have been the source of encouragement for the investigation of flexible batteries. Different varieties of light-weight and flexible battery technologies, such as plastic-based, polymer-based, and paper-based battery are being developed. Due to safety, as well as flexible reasons, paper-based batteries, one of the newest, has been considered the most promising technology and will be the focus of this Special Issue.

Prof. Mangilal Agarwal
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Batteries is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) is waived for well-prepared manuscripts submitted to this issue. Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • Flexible Battery
  • Li-ion Battery
  • Paper-based Battery
  • Flexible Battery
  • Solid Electrolyte
  • Battery Packaging
  • Battery Safety
  • Wearable Power
  • Printable Battery

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission, see below for planned papers.

Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Title: Battery separators based on different cellulose types for the next generation of paper batteries
Authors: R. Gonçalves 1, E. Lizundia 2,3, M. M. Silva 4, C. M. Costa 1,4, S. Lanceros-Méndez 3,5
Affiliation: 1. Centro de Física, Universidade do Minho, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal
2. Department of Graphic Design and Engineering Projects, Bilbao Faculty of Engineering, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Bilbao 48013, Spain
3. BCMaterials, Basque Center Centre for Materials, Applications and Nanostructures,
UPV/EHU Science Park, 48940 Leioa, Spain
4. Centro de Química, Universidade do Minho, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal
5. IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, 48013 Bilbao, Spain
Abstract: In portable devices, such as cell phones and computers, lithium-ion batteries are the main source of energy [1], but there is an increasing demand for ultra-thin batteries with specific size, portability, low cost, where paper batteries can play an important role. Typically, the cathode in paper batteries is based on zinc and the anode on manganese dioxide. Regarding the battery separator, a critical element in battery safety serving as the mean for the transfer of ions between the electrodes, is based on cellulose [2]. The use of cellulose as battery separator is based on its excellent properties such as, controllable porosity, suitable mechanical and thermal properties, non-toxicity and wettability. In the present work, different electrospun membranes were produced based on different cellulose types: cellulose nanocrystals and cellulose acetate.  The performance of the membranes for battery applications is discussed as a function of type of cellulose as well as their morphological, thermal and electrical properties.
Acknowledgments: Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT): UID/FIS/04650/2013, PTDC/CTM-ENE/5387/2014, UID/CTM/50025/2013 and grants SFRH/BPD/112547/2015 (C.M.C.), including FEDER funds through the COMPETE 2020 Programme and National Funds through FCT. Financial support from the Basque Government Industry Department under the ELKARTEK Program is also acknowledged.
[1] M. Wakihara, O. Yamamoto, Lithium ion batteries: fundamentals and performance, Kodansha, 1998.
[2] Jie Sheng, et al., Cellulose DOI 10.1007/s10570-017-1421-8.

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