Special Issue "Exploring The Atmosphere's First Mile"
A special issue of Atmosphere (ISSN 2073-4433).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 May 2014)
Prof. John B. Moncrieff
School of Geosciences The University of Edinburgh Edinburgh EH9 3JN, UK
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Interests: Land–atmosphere exchange of radiatively-active trace gases; Planetary boundary layer modelling (PBL) in response to surface forcing; Lagrangian dispersion models of pollutant transport in the PBL; ground-based remote sensing; Environmental physics of organisms and their heat balance
The title for this special issue arises from a two volume publication first published in 1957 and which discussed the results of one of the first land-surface experiments to explore the interaction between the land surface and the lower atmosphere. Micrometeorology was in its infancy then, but now the study of land–atmosphere interactions has made great advances in our understanding in agriculture, weather and climate forecasting, pollution dispersion and many aspects of global change. After more than 50 years since the first publication of ‘exploring the atmosphere’s first mile’, what have we learned from subsequent experiments and how much uncertainty remains? This is the subject of this special issue. Just getting heat, moisture and momentum fluxes for a few hours was a challenge several decades ago, but our instruments are in a stage of technological maturity now and it is routine to measure fluxes over days, months and years, and not just of heat moisture and momentum, but of many different greenhouse gases and other compounds which are either radiatively or chemically active in the lower atmosphere. Some of our progress to date has been as a result of other land surface experiments to the 1953 one in the Great Plains e.g, FIFE, HAPEX-Sahel and BOREAS and large networks of scientists involved in land–atmosphere interactions now exist, e.g. FLUXNET. Uncertainty in land–atmosphere exchange remains however in linking space and time scales and, crucially, also in non-homogeneous terrain (“we’re not in Nebraska anymore”). This special issue welcomes papers on measurement and modelling in related areas of micrometeorology with a particular emphasis on land–atmosphere interactions. We welcome papers on theory, methodology, modelling and remote sensing, linking the land surface to the lower atmosphere.
Prof. John B. Moncrieff
Manuscript Submission Information
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- land–atmosphere interactions
- planetary boundary-layer modelling
- greenhouse gas exchange
- environmental physics
- ground-based remote sensing
- eddy covariance
- carbon balance
- complex terrain