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Biomimetics 2017, 2(2), 8; doi:10.3390/biomimetics2020008

Geomimetics and Extreme Biomimetics Inspired by Hydrothermal Systems—What Can We Learn from Nature for Materials Synthesis?

Institute of Materials Chemistry, Technische Universität Wien, 1060 Vienna, Austria
Academic Editor: Hermann Ehrlich
Received: 1 March 2017 / Revised: 14 May 2017 / Accepted: 18 May 2017 / Published: 31 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Extreme Biomimetics)
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Abstract

‘Extreme biomimetics’ and ‘geomimetics’ are relatively recent fields of materials chemistry. Both take inspiration from natural materials for generating novel synthetic materials or enhanced properties in known materials. In geomimetics, the source of inspiration is geological systems, while extreme biomimetics is motivated by organisms operating in—from an anthropocentric point of view—extreme conditions. This review article focuses on geomimetic and extreme biomimetic hydrothermal synthesis. Since hydrothermal preparative chemistry typically uses nothing but water and the required precursors, the field belongs to the research area of ‘green materials chemistry’. Geomimetics, on the one hand, takes inspiration from natural materials formation. Extreme Biomimetics, on the other hand, is inspired by materials found in extremophile organisms, instead of aiming to implement their actual biosynthesis. In this contribution, both extreme biomimetics and geomimetics are first defined, and further critically discussed on the basis of recent, selected examples. Moreover, the necessity for the two closely related fields as well their prospects are commented on. View Full-Text
Keywords: materials synthesis; extreme biomimetics; geomimetics; hydrothermal synthesis; hybrid materials; green materials chemistry materials synthesis; extreme biomimetics; geomimetics; hydrothermal synthesis; hybrid materials; green materials chemistry
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Unterlass, M.M. Geomimetics and Extreme Biomimetics Inspired by Hydrothermal Systems—What Can We Learn from Nature for Materials Synthesis? Biomimetics 2017, 2, 8.

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