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Biomolecules 2013, 3(1), 226-241; doi:10.3390/biom3010226

Panning for Long Noncoding RNAs

Key Laboratory of Computational Biology, CAS-MPG Partner Institute for Computational Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 December 2012 / Revised: 21 February 2013 / Accepted: 21 February 2013 / Published: 28 February 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Non-coding RNA)
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The recent advent of high-throughput approaches has revealed widespread transcription of the human genome, leading to a new appreciation of transcription regulation, especially from noncoding regions. Distinct from most coding and small noncoding RNAs, long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are generally expressed at low levels, are less conserved and lack protein-coding capacity. These intrinsic features of lncRNAs have not only hampered their full annotation in the past several years, but have also generated controversy concerning whether many or most of these lncRNAs are simply the result of transcriptional noise. Here, we assess these intrinsic features that have challenged lncRNA discovery and further summarize recent progress in lncRNA discovery with integrated methodologies, from which new lessons and insights can be derived to achieve better characterization of lncRNA expression regulation. Full annotation of lncRNA repertoires and the implications of such annotation will provide a fundamental basis for comprehensive understanding of pervasive functions of lncRNAs in biological regulation. View Full-Text
Keywords: long noncoding RNA (lncRNA); computational analysis; deep sequencing; transcriptome long noncoding RNA (lncRNA); computational analysis; deep sequencing; transcriptome

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Zhu, S.; Zhang, X.-O.; Yang, L. Panning for Long Noncoding RNAs. Biomolecules 2013, 3, 226-241.

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