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Cosmetics 2016, 3(3), 29; doi:10.3390/cosmetics3030029

Contact Allergy to Preservatives—Is the European Commission a Commendable Risk Manager?

1
National Allergy Research Centre, Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Herlev and Gentofte Hospital, University of Copenhagen, DK-2900 Hellerup, Denmark
2
Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Herlev and Gentofte Hospital, University of Copenhagen, DK-2900 Hellerup, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Emanuela Corsini and David Basketter
Received: 15 June 2016 / Revised: 5 August 2016 / Accepted: 8 August 2016 / Published: 10 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cosmetic Contact Allergens)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [190 KB, uploaded 11 August 2016]

Abstract

Although preservatives are necessary to prevent deterioration by microbial growth in cosmetic products, daily skin contact with preserved cosmetic products may cause a preservative contact allergy. Only preservatives with sufficient pre-market risk assessment, presumably being safe for the consumer from a public health point of view, are permitted for use in cosmetic products in the European Union. Notwithstanding the efforts by the European Commission (EC) to avoid epidemics of contact allergy, the former epidemic of contact allergy to methyldibromo glutaronitrile and the unprecedented epidemic of contact allergy to methylisothiazolinone show the procrastination of the European Union risk management process for cosmetic ingredients. Timely risk management is of the utmost importance to avoid rapidly increasing numbers of contact allergy to turn into full-blown epidemics. It is therefore proposed that in order to avoid future epidemics of contact allergy to preservatives, the allowed preservatives in cosmetic products should be entered onto Annex V on a time-limited basis only, and they must be re-evaluated in order to stay on Annex V. View Full-Text
Keywords: contact allergy; European Union; methylisothiazolinone; methyldibromo glutaronitrile; preservatives; risk assessment; risk management contact allergy; European Union; methylisothiazolinone; methyldibromo glutaronitrile; preservatives; risk assessment; risk management
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Schwensen, J.F.; Thyssen, J.P. Contact Allergy to Preservatives—Is the European Commission a Commendable Risk Manager? Cosmetics 2016, 3, 29.

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