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Open AccessCommunication
Resources 2017, 6(2), 15; doi:10.3390/resources6020015

The Link between e-Waste and GDP—New Insights from Data from the Pan-European Region

1
Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, University of Padua, Padua 35131, Italy
2
Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
3
Faculty of Engineering Science, University of Greenwich, Chatham Maritime ME4 4TB, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Xianlai Zeng
Received: 25 January 2017 / Revised: 21 March 2017 / Accepted: 21 March 2017 / Published: 27 March 2017
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Abstract

Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) is difficult to sustainably manage. One key issue is the challenge of planning for WEEE flows as current and future quantities of waste are difficult to predict. To address this, WEEE generation and gross domestic product (GDP) data from 50 countries of the pan-European region were assessed. A high economic elasticity was identified, indicating that WEEE and GDP are closely interlinked. More detailed analyses revealed that GDP at purchasing power parity (GDP PPP) is a more meaningful measure when looking at WEEE flows, as a linear dependency between WEEE generation and GDP PPP was identified. This dependency applies to the whole region, regardless of the economic developmental stage of individual countries. In the pan-European region, an increase of 1000 international $ GDP PPP means an additional 0.5 kg WEEE is generated that requires management. View Full-Text
Keywords: WEEE; electrical and electronic waste; estimation of WEEE flows; gross domestic product; GDP at purchasing power parity; economic elasticity; decoupling WEEE; electrical and electronic waste; estimation of WEEE flows; gross domestic product; GDP at purchasing power parity; economic elasticity; decoupling
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Kusch, S.; Hills, C.D. The Link between e-Waste and GDP—New Insights from Data from the Pan-European Region. Resources 2017, 6, 15.

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