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Resources 2017, 6(1), 14;

Unpacking Changes in Mangrove Social-Ecological Systems: Lessons from Brazil, Zanzibar, and Vietnam

Sustainability Research Institute, School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
Centre for Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, Vietnam National University, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
Institute of Marine Sciences, University of Dar es Salaam, Zanzibar 00255, Tanzania
Centre for Advanced Amazonian Studies, Federal University of Parà, Belem 66075-110, Brazil
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Margaret Dalzell Lowman
Received: 30 August 2016 / Revised: 3 March 2017 / Accepted: 8 March 2017 / Published: 15 March 2017
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Mangroves provide multiple benefits, from carbon storage and shoreline protection to food and energy for natural resource-dependent coastal communities. However, they are coming under increasing pressure from climate change, coastal development, and aquaculture. There is increasing need to better understand the changes mangroves face and whether these changes differ or are similar in different parts of the world. Using a multiple case study approach, focused on Vietnam, Zanzibar, and Brazil, this research analyzed the drivers, pressures, states, impacts, and responses (DPSIR) of mangrove systems. A qualitative content analysis was used on a purposively sampled document set for each country to identify and collate evidence under each of the DPSIR categories. Population growth and changing political and economic processes were key drivers across the three countries, leading to land use change and declining states of mangroves. This had an impact on the delivery of regulatory and provisioning ecosystem services from mangroves and on the welfare of coastal communities. Responses have been predominantly regulatory and aim to improve mangrove states, but without always considering ecosystem services or the consequences for welfare. The issue of scale emerged as a critical factor with drivers, pressures, impacts, and responses operating at different levels (from international to local), with consequences for response effectiveness. View Full-Text
Keywords: coastal management; complex systems; welfare; livelihoods; forests; environmental management coastal management; complex systems; welfare; livelihoods; forests; environmental management

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Quinn, C.H.; Stringer, L.C.; Berman, R.J.; Le, H.T.; Msuya, F.E.; Pezzuti, J.C.; Orchard, S.E. Unpacking Changes in Mangrove Social-Ecological Systems: Lessons from Brazil, Zanzibar, and Vietnam. Resources 2017, 6, 14.

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