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Fibers 2015, 3(3), 373-379; doi:10.3390/fib3030373

Polyethylene-Based Carbon Fibers by the Use of Sulphonation for Stabilization

Institut für Textiltechnik, RWTH Aachen University, Otto-Blumenthal-Straße 1, 52074 Aachen, Germany
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jonathan Phillips
Received: 2 July 2015 / Revised: 23 August 2015 / Accepted: 21 September 2015 / Published: 23 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbon Fibers)
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Abstract

Polyethylene has great potential as an alternative material for carbon fiber production. Polyethylene can be processed in the economic melt spinning process. These precursors are prepared for the subsequent process step of carbonization by using chemical stabilization (sulphonation). The strategy is to adjust these precursor properties by the melt spinning process, thus resulting in a precursor, which can be stabilized sufficiently by sulphonation. The objective is to find the correlation between precursor properties and the results of the sulphonation. In this paper, the chemical stabilization is described and the results of the chemical stabilization are discussed. The novelty in this paper is that the results of the sulphonation are brought in correlation with the precursor properties. It can be shown that the filament diameter and the polymer structure (e.g., the crystallinity) of the precursor have an influence on the sulphonation process. View Full-Text
Keywords: polyethylene; precursor; sulphonation; carbon fiber polyethylene; precursor; sulphonation; carbon fiber
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wortberg, G.; De Palmenaer, A.; Beckers, M.; Seide, G.; Gries, T. Polyethylene-Based Carbon Fibers by the Use of Sulphonation for Stabilization. Fibers 2015, 3, 373-379.

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