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Coatings 2012, 2(3), 179-194; doi:10.3390/coatings2030179

Plant Products for Innovative Biomaterials in Dentistry

1 Department of Mining and Materials Engineering, Mc Gill University, Montreal H3A282, Canada 2 Dental Unit II, San Paolo Hospital, Via Beldiletto 1, Milano 20100, Italy 3 Department of Health Science, University of Piemonte Orientale, Novara 28100, Italy 4 Department of Agricultural and Environmental Science, University of Milan, Milano 20100, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 May 2012 / Revised: 7 June 2012 / Accepted: 5 July 2012 / Published: 26 July 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Dental Biomaterials and Coatings)
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Dental biomaterials and natural products represent two of the main growing research fields, revealing plant-derived compounds may play a role not only as nutraceuticals in affecting oral health, but also in improving physico-chemical properties of biomaterials used in dentistry. Therefore, our aim was to collect all available data concerning the utilization of plant polysaccharides, proteins and extracts rich in bioactive phytochemicals in enhancing performance of dental biomaterials. Although compelling evidences are suggestive of a great potential of plant products in promoting material-tissue/cell interface, to date, only few authors have investigated their use in development of innovative dental biomaterials. A small number of studies have reported plant extract-based titanium implant coatings and periodontal regenerative materials. To the best of our knowledge, this review is the first to deal with this topic, highlighting a general lack of research findings in an interesting field which still needs to be investigated.
Keywords: plant products; dental biomaterials; coatings; scaffolds; fillers; osseointegration; periodontal regeneration plant products; dental biomaterials; coatings; scaffolds; fillers; osseointegration; periodontal regeneration
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Varoni, E.M.; Iriti, M.; Rimondini, L. Plant Products for Innovative Biomaterials in Dentistry. Coatings 2012, 2, 179-194.

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