Coatings 2012, 2(3), 160-178; doi:10.3390/coatings2030160
Review

Titanium Nitride and Nitrogen Ion Implanted Coated Dental Materials

1 Dental Biomaterials Research and Development Chair, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh 11545, Saudi Arabia 2 School of Dentistry, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI 53233, USA 3 Dental Biomaterials, School of Dentistry, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI 53233, USA 4 Department of Biomaterials, School of Dentistry, University of Athens, Athens, Greece
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 May 2012; in revised form: 2 July 2012 / Accepted: 3 July 2012 / Published: 26 July 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Dental Biomaterials and Coatings)
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Abstract: Titanium nitride and/or nitrogen ion implanted coated dental materials have been investigated since the mid-1980s and considered in various applications in dentistry such as implants, abutments, orthodontic wires, endodontic files, periodontal/oral hygiene instruments, and casting alloys for fixed restorations. Multiple methodologies have been employed to create the coatings, but detailed structural analysis of the coatings is generally lacking in the dental literature. Depending on application, the purpose of the coating is to provide increased surface hardness, abrasion/wear resistance, esthetics, and corrosion resistance, lower friction, as well as greater beneficial interaction with adjacent biological and material substrates. While many studies have reported on the achievement of these properties, a consensus is not always clear. Additionally, few studies have been conducted to assess the efficacy of the coatings in a clinical setting. Overall, titanium nitride and/or nitrogen ion implanted coated dental materials potentially offer advantages over uncoated counterparts, but more investigation is needed to document the structure of the coatings and their clinical effectiveness.
Keywords: titanium nitride; nitrogen ion implantation; dental materials; implants; endodontics; orthodontics; dental instruments

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jabbari, Y.S.A.; Fehrman, J.; Barnes, A.C.; Zapf, A.M.; Zinelis, S.; Berzins, D.W. Titanium Nitride and Nitrogen Ion Implanted Coated Dental Materials. Coatings 2012, 2, 160-178.

AMA Style

Jabbari YSA, Fehrman J, Barnes AC, Zapf AM, Zinelis S, Berzins DW. Titanium Nitride and Nitrogen Ion Implanted Coated Dental Materials. Coatings. 2012; 2(3):160-178.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jabbari, Youssef S. Al; Fehrman, Jennifer; Barnes, Ashley C.; Zapf, Angela M.; Zinelis, Spiros; Berzins, David W. 2012. "Titanium Nitride and Nitrogen Ion Implanted Coated Dental Materials." Coatings 2, no. 3: 160-178.

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