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Nanomaterials 2017, 7(6), 125; doi:10.3390/nano7060125

Simple Technique of Exfoliation and Dispersion of Multilayer Graphene from Natural Graphite by Ozone-Assisted Sonication

Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, Okayama 700-8530, Japan
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Academic Editor: Yuan Chen
Received: 2 May 2017 / Revised: 18 May 2017 / Accepted: 24 May 2017 / Published: 27 May 2017
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Abstract

Owing to its unique properties, graphene has attracted tremendous attention in many research fields. There is a great space to develop graphene synthesis techniques by an efficient and environmentally friendly approach. In this paper, we report a facile method to synthesize well-dispersed multilayer graphene (MLG) without using any chemical reagents or organic solvents. This was achieved by the ozone-assisted sonication of the natural graphite in a water medium. The frequency or number of ozone treatments plays an important role for the dispersion in the process. The possible mechanism of graphene exfoliation and the introduction of functional groups have been postulated. The experimental setup is unique for ozone treatment and enables the elimination of ozone off-gas. The heat generated by the dissipation of ultrasonic waves was used as it is, and no additional heat was supplied. The graphene dispersion was stable, and no evidence of aggregation was observed---even after several months. The characterization results show that well-dispersed MLG was successfully synthesized without any significant damage to the overall structure. The graphene obtained by this method has potential applications in composite materials, conductive coatings, energy storage, and electronic devices. View Full-Text
Keywords: multilayer graphene; ozone-assisted sonication; exfoliation; dispersion multilayer graphene; ozone-assisted sonication; exfoliation; dispersion
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Lin, Z.; Karthik, P.S.; Hada, M.; Nishikawa, T.; Hayashi, Y. Simple Technique of Exfoliation and Dispersion of Multilayer Graphene from Natural Graphite by Ozone-Assisted Sonication. Nanomaterials 2017, 7, 125.

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