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Nanomaterials 2017, 7(10), 283;

Antimicrobial Nanomaterials: Why Evolution Matters

Department of Nanoengineering, Joint School of Nanoscience & Nanoengineering, North Carolina A&T State University and UNC Greensboro, Greensboro, NC 27401, USA
Department of Biology, North Carolina A&T State University, Greensboro, NC 27411, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 August 2017 / Revised: 14 September 2017 / Accepted: 18 September 2017 / Published: 21 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antibacterial Activity of Nanomaterials)
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Due to the widespread occurrence of multidrug resistant microbes there is increasing interest in the use of novel nanostructured materials as antimicrobials. Specifically, metallic nanoparticles such as silver, copper, and gold have been deployed due to the multiple impacts they have on bacterial physiology. From this, many have concluded that such nanomaterials represent steep obstacles against the evolution of resistance. However, we have already shown that this view is fallacious. For this reason, the significance of our initial experiments are beginning to be recognized in the antimicrobial effects of nanomaterials literature. This recognition is not yet fully understood and here we further explain why nanomaterials research requires a more nuanced understanding of core microbial evolution principles. View Full-Text
Keywords: Antimicrobials; metals; acclimation; adaptation; evolution; genomics Antimicrobials; metals; acclimation; adaptation; evolution; genomics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Graves, J.L., Jr.; Thomas, M.; Ewunkem, J.A. Antimicrobial Nanomaterials: Why Evolution Matters. Nanomaterials 2017, 7, 283.

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