Nanomaterials 2012, 2(2), 163-186; doi:10.3390/nano2020163
Review

Porous Copolymer Resins: Tuning Pore Structure and Surface Area with Non Reactive Porogens

Received: 3 May 2012; in revised form: 16 May 2012 / Accepted: 29 May 2012 / Published: 6 June 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Developments in Nanomaterial Analysis)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: In this review, the preparation of porous copolymer resin (PCR) materials via suspension polymerization with variable properties are described by tuning the polymerization reaction, using solvents which act as porogens, to yield microporous, mesoporous, and macroporous materials. The porogenic properties of solvents are related to traditional solubility parameters which yield significant changes in the surface area, porosity, pore volume, and morphology of the polymeric materials. The mutual solubility characteristics of the solvents, monomer units, and the polymeric resins contribute to the formation of porous materials with tunable pore structures and surface areas. The importance of the initiator solubility, surface effects, the temporal variation of solvent composition during polymerization, and temperature effects contribute to the variable physicochemical properties of the PCR materials. An improved understanding of the factors governing the mechanism of formation for PCR materials will contribute to the development and design of versatile materials with tunable properties for a wide range of technical applications.
Keywords: porous copolymer resins; porogen; suspension polymerization; porosity; surface area
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mohamed, M.H.; Wilson, L.D. Porous Copolymer Resins: Tuning Pore Structure and Surface Area with Non Reactive Porogens. Nanomaterials 2012, 2, 163-186.

AMA Style

Mohamed MH, Wilson LD. Porous Copolymer Resins: Tuning Pore Structure and Surface Area with Non Reactive Porogens. Nanomaterials. 2012; 2(2):163-186.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mohamed, Mohamed H.; Wilson, Lee D. 2012. "Porous Copolymer Resins: Tuning Pore Structure and Surface Area with Non Reactive Porogens." Nanomaterials 2, no. 2: 163-186.

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