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Extracellular Matrix Molecules Facilitating Vascular Biointegration
AbstractAll vascular implants, including stents, heart valves and graft materials exhibit suboptimal biocompatibility that significantly reduces their clinical efficacy. A range of biomolecules in the subendothelial space have been shown to play critical roles in local regulation of thrombosis, endothelial growth and smooth muscle cell proliferation, making these attractive candidates for modulation of vascular device biointegration. However, classically used biomaterial coatings, such as fibronectin and laminin, modulate only one of these components; enhancing endothelial cell attachment, but also activating platelets and triggering thrombosis. This review examines a subset of extracellular matrix molecules that have demonstrated multi-faceted vascular compatibility and accordingly are promising candidates to improve the biointegration of vascular biomaterials.
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Wise, S.G.; Waterhouse, A.; Michael, P.; Ng, M.K. Extracellular Matrix Molecules Facilitating Vascular Biointegration. J. Funct. Biomater. 2012, 3, 569-587.View more citation formats
Wise SG, Waterhouse A, Michael P, Ng MK. Extracellular Matrix Molecules Facilitating Vascular Biointegration. Journal of Functional Biomaterials. 2012; 3(3):569-587.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wise, Steven G.; Waterhouse, Anna; Michael, Praveesuda; Ng, Martin K.C. 2012. "Extracellular Matrix Molecules Facilitating Vascular Biointegration." J. Funct. Biomater. 3, no. 3: 569-587.