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Development and Application of a Spiritual Well-Being Questionnaire Called SHALOM
School of Education, University of Ballarat, Victoria 3350, Australia
School of Rural Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3350, Australia
Received: 11 November 2010; in revised form: 29 November 2010 / Accepted: 6 December 2010 / Published: 9 December 2010
Abstract: The Four Domains Model of Spiritual Health and Well-Being was used as the theoretical base for the development of several spiritual well-being questionnaires, with progressive fine-tuning leading to the Spiritual Health And Life-Orientation Measure (SHALOM). SHALOM comprises 20 items with five items reflecting the quality of relationships of each person with themselves, other people, the environment and/or God, in the Personal, Communal, Environmental and Transcendental domains of spiritual well-being. SHALOM has undergone rigorous statistical testing in several languages. SHALOM has been used with school and university students, teachers, nurses, medical doctors, church-attenders, in industry and business settings, with abused women, troubled youth and alcoholics. SHALOM provides a unique way of assessing spiritual well-being as it compares each person’s ideals with their lived experiences, providing a measure of spiritual harmony or dissonance in each of the four domains.
Keywords: spiritual well-being; assessment; SHALOM; spiritual dissonance
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MDPI and ACS Style
Fisher, J. Development and Application of a Spiritual Well-Being Questionnaire Called SHALOM. Religions 2010, 1, 105-121.
Fisher J. Development and Application of a Spiritual Well-Being Questionnaire Called SHALOM. Religions. 2010; 1(1):105-121.
Fisher, John. 2010. "Development and Application of a Spiritual Well-Being Questionnaire Called SHALOM." Religions 1, no. 1: 105-121.