Next Article in Journal
Next Article in Special Issue
Previous Article in Journal
Previous Article in Special Issue
Religions 2011, 2(1), 1-16; doi:10.3390/rel2010001
Review

Pain, Spirituality, and Meaning Making: What Can We Learn from the Literature?

1
 and 2,*
Received: 9 October 2010; in revised form: 24 December 2010 / Accepted: 30 December 2010 / Published: 31 December 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Spirituality and Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [182 KB, uploaded 31 December 2010]
Abstract: Religion and spirituality are two methods of meaning making that impact a person’s ability to cope, tolerate, and accept disease and pain. The biopsychosocial-spiritual model includes the human spirit’s drive toward meaning-making along with personality, mental health, age, sex, social relationships, and reactions to stress. In this review, studies focusing on religion’s and spirituality’s effect upon pain in relationship to physical and mental health, spiritual practices, and the placebo response are examined. The findings suggest that people who are self efficacious and more religiously and spiritually open to seeking a connection to a meaningful spiritual practice and/or the transcendent are more able to tolerate pain.
Keywords: chronic pain; religion; spirituality; meaning-making chronic pain; religion; spirituality; meaning-making
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Lysne, C.J.; Wachholtz, A.B. Pain, Spirituality, and Meaning Making: What Can We Learn from the Literature? Religions 2011, 2, 1-16.

AMA Style

Lysne CJ, Wachholtz AB. Pain, Spirituality, and Meaning Making: What Can We Learn from the Literature? Religions. 2011; 2(1):1-16.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lysne, Carol J.; Wachholtz, Amy B. 2011. "Pain, Spirituality, and Meaning Making: What Can We Learn from the Literature?" Religions 2, no. 1: 1-16.

Religions EISSN 2077-1444 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert