J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2014, 2(1), 18-32; doi:10.3390/jmse2010018
Article

Hydrodynamic Modeling Analysis to Support Nearshore Restoration Projects in a Changing Climate

1,* email, 1email, 2email and 3email
Received: 6 December 2013; in revised form: 26 December 2013 / Accepted: 31 December 2013 / Published: 22 January 2014
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: To re-establish the intertidal wetlands with full tidal exchange and improve salmonid rearing habitat in the Skagit River estuary, State of Washington, USA, a diked agriculture farm land along the Skagit Bay front is proposed to be restored to a fully functional tidal wetland. The complex and dynamic Skagit River estuarine system calls for the need of a multi-facet and multi-dimensional analysis using observed data, numerical and analytical methods. To assist the feasibility study of the restoration project, a hydrodynamic modeling analysis was conducted using a high-resolution unstructured-grid coastal ocean model to evaluate the hydrodynamic response to restoration alternatives and to provide guidance to the engineering design of a new levee in the restoration site. A set of parameters were defined to quantify the hydrodynamic response of the nearshore restoration project, such as inundation area, duration of inundation, water depth and salinity of the inundated area. To assist the design of the new levee in the restoration site, the maximum water level near the project site was estimated with consideration of extreme high tide, wind-induced storm surge, significant wave height and future sea-level rise based on numerical model results and coastal engineering calculation.
Keywords: coastal modeling; nearshore restoration; tidal circulation; wave dynamics; sea-level rise; Puget Sound
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, Z.; Wang, T.; Cline, D.; Williams, B. Hydrodynamic Modeling Analysis to Support Nearshore Restoration Projects in a Changing Climate. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2014, 2, 18-32.

AMA Style

Yang Z, Wang T, Cline D, Williams B. Hydrodynamic Modeling Analysis to Support Nearshore Restoration Projects in a Changing Climate. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2014; 2(1):18-32.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yang, Zhaoqing; Wang, Taiping; Cline, Dave; Williams, Brian. 2014. "Hydrodynamic Modeling Analysis to Support Nearshore Restoration Projects in a Changing Climate." J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2, no. 1: 18-32.

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